- Chapter 1: Chemistry in Our Lives
- Chapter 10: Acids and Bases and Equilibrium
- Chapter 11: Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Hydrocarbons
- Chapter 12: Alcohols, Thiols, Ethers, Aldehydes, and Ketones
- Chapter 13: Carbohydrates
- Chapter 14: Carboxylic Acids, Esters, Amines, and Amides
- Chapter 15: Lipids
- Chapter 16: Amino Acids, Proteins, and Enzymes
- Chapter 17: Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
- Chapter 18: Metabolic Pathways and Energy Production
- Chapter 2: Chemistry and Measurements
- Chapter 3: Matter and Energy
- Chapter 4: Atoms and Elements
- Chapter 5: Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter 6: Ionic and Molecular Compunds
- Chapter 7: Chemical Quantities and Reactions
- Chapter 8: Gases
- Chapter 9: Solutions
Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry 12th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition
Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition - Solutions by ChapterGet Full Solutions
The lowest attainable temperature; 0 K on the Kelvin scale and -273.15 °C on the Celsius scale. (Section 1.4)
The positions that are adjacent to the vinylic positions of a carboncarbon double bond.
An equilibrium property measured by the position of equilibrium in an acid-base reaction, as, for example, the acid-base reaction between ammonia and water.
Covalent hydrides of boron. (Section 22.11)
An expression showing the chemical composition of a compound in terms of the symbols for the atoms of the elements involved. (2.6)
A chemical reaction that proceeds with evolution of heat and usually also a flame; most combustion involves reaction with oxygen, as in the burning of a match. (Section 3.2)
complex ion (complex)
An assembly of a metal ion and the Lewis bases (ligands) bonded to it. (Section 17.5)
A compound containing two hydroxyl groups
In electrocyclicreactions, a type of rotation in which the orbitalsbeing used to form the new s bond must rotate in opposite directions (one rotates clockwise while the other rotates counterclockwise).
electrostatic potential maps
A three-dimensional, rainbowlike image used to visualize partial charges in a compound.
An atom or group of atoms that imparts characteristic chemical properties to an organic compound. (Section 24.1)
In nomenclature, a numberused to identify the location of a substituent.
A magneticfield generated by a spinning proton.
A naturally occurring combustible liquid composed of hundreds of hydrocarbons and other organic compounds. (Section 5.8)
A polyester in which the carboxyl groups are derived from carbonic acid
A large molecule of high molecular mass, formed by the joining together, or polymerization, of a large number of molecules of low molecular mass. The individual molecules forming the polymer are called monomers. (Sections 12.1 and 12.8)
pressure–volume (PV) work
Work performed by expansion of a gas against a resisting pressure. (Section 5.3)
The smallest increment of radiant energy that may be absorbed or emitted; the magnitude of radiant energy is hn. (Section 6.2)
An isotope that is radioactive; that is, it is undergoing nuclear changes with emission of radiation. (Section 21.1)
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using hydrazine and a base. Ylide (Section 16.6)