- Chapter Chapter 1: Chemistry in Our Lives
- Chapter Chapter 10: Acids and Bases and Equilibrium
- Chapter Chapter 11: Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Hydrocarbons
- Chapter Chapter 12: Alcohols, Thiols, Ethers, Aldehydes, and Ketones
- Chapter Chapter 13: Carbohydrates
- Chapter Chapter 14: Carboxylic Acids, Esters, Amines, and Amides
- Chapter Chapter 15: Lipids
- Chapter Chapter 16: Amino Acids, Proteins, and Enzymes
- Chapter Chapter 17: Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
- Chapter Chapter 18: Metabolic Pathways and Energy Production
- Chapter Chapter 2: Chemistry and Measurements
- Chapter Chapter 3: Matter and Energy
- Chapter Chapter 4: Atoms and Elements
- Chapter Chapter 5: Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter Chapter 6: Ionic and Molecular Compunds
- Chapter Chapter 7: Chemical Quantities and Reactions
- Chapter Chapter 8: Gases
- Chapter Chapter 9: Solutions
Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry 12th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition
Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition - Solutions by ChapterGet Full Solutions
The process whereby water spontaneously forms low concentrations of H+1aq2 and OH-1aq2 ions by proton transfer from one water molecule to another. (Section 16.3)
The number of bonding electron pairs shared between two atoms, minus the number of antibonding electron pairs: bond order = (number of bonding electrons - number of antibonding electrons)/2. (Section 9.7)
In electrocyclic reactions,a type of rotation in which the orbitals being used to form the new s bond must rotate in the same way.
A chemical bond formed between two atoms by sharing one or more pairs of electrons.
An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and a halogen (such as Cl, Br, or I).
DEPT 13C NMR
In 13C NMR spectroscopy, a technique that utilizes two rf radiation emitters and provides information regarding the number of protons attached to each carbon atom in a compound.
A reaction that occurs between chlorobenzene and either NaOH (at high temperature) or NaNH2.
A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) connected directly to a carbon-carbon double bond.
The process by which a protein adopts its biologically active shape. (Section 24.7)
A protein, particularly rich in the basic amino acids lysine and arginine, that is found associated with DNA molecules
A nonpolar group that does not have favorable interactions with water.
l amino acid
Amino acids with Fischer projections that resemble the Fischer projections of l sugars.
A nonpolar molecule derived from glycerol and fatty acids that is used by organisms for long-term energy storage. (Section 24.9)
molal boiling-point-elevation constant (Kb)
A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the increase in boiling point as a function of solution molality: ?Tb = Kbm. (Section 13.5)
Molecular dipole moment (m)
The vector sum of individual bond dipoles.
partially condensed structures
A drawing style in which the CH bonds are not drawn explicitly, but all other bonds are drawn.
Cleavage by light.
The closeness of agreement among several measurements of the same quantity; the reproducibility of a measurement. (Section 1.5)
The smallest increment of radiant energy that may be absorbed or emitted; the magnitude of radiant energy is hn. (Section 6.2)
Hydrolysis of an ester in aqueous NaOH or KOH to an alcohol and the sodium or potassium salts of carboxylic acids
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