- Chapter Chapter 1: Chemistry in Our Lives
- Chapter Chapter 10: Acids and Bases and Equilibrium
- Chapter Chapter 11: Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Hydrocarbons
- Chapter Chapter 12: Alcohols, Thiols, Ethers, Aldehydes, and Ketones
- Chapter Chapter 13: Carbohydrates
- Chapter Chapter 14: Carboxylic Acids, Esters, Amines, and Amides
- Chapter Chapter 15: Lipids
- Chapter Chapter 16: Amino Acids, Proteins, and Enzymes
- Chapter Chapter 17: Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
- Chapter Chapter 18: Metabolic Pathways and Energy Production
- Chapter Chapter 2: Chemistry and Measurements
- Chapter Chapter 3: Matter and Energy
- Chapter Chapter 4: Atoms and Elements
- Chapter Chapter 5: Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter Chapter 6: Ionic and Molecular Compunds
- Chapter Chapter 7: Chemical Quantities and Reactions
- Chapter Chapter 8: Gases
- Chapter Chapter 9: Solutions
Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry 12th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition
Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition - Solutions by ChapterGet Full Solutions
A reaction in which bonds are broken in the presence of an acid. For example, in the presence of a strong acid, an ether is converted into two alkyl halides.
A substance that is an H+ acceptor; a base produces an excess of OH-1aq2 ions when it dissolves in water. (Section 4.3)
A polymer that contains a large number of branches connected to the main chain of the polymer.
Atoms that lie in the same plane.
dipole moment (m)
The amount of partial charge (d ) on either end of a dipole multiplied by the distance of separation (d): m=d × d
A bimolecular b-elimination reaction.
A reaction involving the loss of a leaving group and formation of a p bond.
Enantiomeric excess (ee)
The difference between the percentage of two enantiomers in a mixture
A polyhydroxy aldehyde whose formula is CH2OH1CHOH24CHO; it is the most important of the monosaccharides. (Section 24.8)
An acetal that is obtained by treating the cyclic hemiacetal form of a monosaccharide with an alcohol under acid-catalyzed conditions.
A reaction that involves the addition of H and X (either Br or Cl) across an alkene.
ignal splitting in NMR
Spin-spin coupling with adjacent nuclei split NMR signals depending on the extent of coupling and the number of adjacent equivalent nuclei.
Molecular dipole moment (m)
The vector sum of individual bond dipoles.
In mass spectrometry,the ion that is generated when the compound is ionized.
The special name given to the amide bond formed between the a-amino group of one amino acid and the a-carboxyl group of another amino acid
The smallest increment (a quantum) of radiant energy; a photon of light with frequency n has an energy equal to hn. (Section 6.2)
A chemical entity with an unpaired electron.
A process in which a substance gains one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)
The ability of groups, because of their size, to hinder access to a reaction site within a molecule.
An ether(R!O!R) where the two R groups are notidentical.