- Chapter Chapter 1: Chemistry in Our Lives
- Chapter Chapter 10: Acids and Bases and Equilibrium
- Chapter Chapter 11: Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Hydrocarbons
- Chapter Chapter 12: Alcohols, Thiols, Ethers, Aldehydes, and Ketones
- Chapter Chapter 13: Carbohydrates
- Chapter Chapter 14: Carboxylic Acids, Esters, Amines, and Amides
- Chapter Chapter 15: Lipids
- Chapter Chapter 16: Amino Acids, Proteins, and Enzymes
- Chapter Chapter 17: Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
- Chapter Chapter 18: Metabolic Pathways and Energy Production
- Chapter Chapter 2: Chemistry and Measurements
- Chapter Chapter 3: Matter and Energy
- Chapter Chapter 4: Atoms and Elements
- Chapter Chapter 5: Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter Chapter 6: Ionic and Molecular Compunds
- Chapter Chapter 7: Chemical Quantities and Reactions
- Chapter Chapter 8: Gases
- Chapter Chapter 9: Solutions
Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry 12th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition
Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition - Solutions by ChapterGet Full Solutions
base-dissociation constant (Kb)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which a base reacts with solvent water, accepting a proton and forming OH-1aq2. (Section 16.7)
A compound that can serve as a proton donor.
Chemical shift (d)
The shift in parts per million of an NMR signal relative to the signal of TMS
An ion containing a central metal cation bonded to one or more molecules or ions. (16.10)
A compound containing a metal ion bonded to a group of surrounding molecules or ions that act as ligands. (Section 23.2)
Atoms that lie in the same plane.
A solid that possesses rigid and long-range order; its atoms, molecules, or ions occupy specific positions. (11.4)
Similarities between pairs of elements in different groups and periods of the periodic table. (8.6)
A signal of an NMR spectrum that is shifted toward the left (larger chemical shift) on the chart paper.
gas chromatograph – mass spectrometer
A device used for the analysis of a mixture that contains several compounds.
The attractive forces between molecules.
A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a conjugated p system, resulting in a 1,4-addition.
The mass of the collection of atoms represented by the chemical formula for a molecule. (Section 3.3)
Addition of a reagent to a metal center causing it to add two substituents and to increase its oxidation state by two
A two-step process for the Markovnikov addition of water across an alkene. With this process, carbocation rearrangements do not occur.
Planck constant (h)
The constant that relates the energy and frequency of a photon, E = hn. Its value is 6.626 * 10-34 J@s. (Section 6.2)
A six-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.
A term describing a consideration that must be taken into account for a reaction in which two or more constitutional isomers can be formed.
renewable energy sources
Energy such as solar energy, wind energy, and hydroelectric energy derived from essentially inexhaustible sources. (Section 5.8)
Groups that strongly activate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly enhancing the rate of the reaction.