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Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry 12th Edition - Solutions by Chapter

Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321908445 | Authors: Karen C. Timberlake

Full solutions for Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition

ISBN: 9780321908445

Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition | ISBN: 9780321908445 | Authors: Karen C. Timberlake

Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition - Solutions by Chapter

Since problems from 18 chapters in Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry have been answered, more than 4155 students have viewed full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, edition: 12. The full step-by-step solution to problem in Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry were answered by Patricia, our top Chemistry solution expert on 03/09/18, 07:27PM. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters: 18. Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321908445.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Arene

    A term used to classify benzene and its derivatives.

  • atomic weight

    The average mass of the atoms of an element in atomic mass units (amu); it is numerically equal to the mass in grams of one mole of the element. (Section 2.4)

  • b-Pleated sheet

    A type of polypeptide secondary structure in which sections of polypeptide chains are aligned parallel or antiparallel to one another.

  • Boyle’s law.

    The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant temperature is inversely proportional to the gas pressure. (5.3)

  • curved arrows

    Tools that are used for drawing resonance structures and for showing the flow of electron density during each step of a reaction mechanism.

  • entropy

    A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)

  • equilibrium constant

    The numerical value of the equilibrium-constant expression for a system at equilibrium. The equilibrium constant is most usually denoted by Kp for gas-phase systems or Kc for solution-phase systems. (Section 15.2)

  • fuel value

    The energy released when 1 g of a substance is combusted. (Section 5.8)

  • graft copolymer

    A polymer that contains sections of one homopolymer that have been grafted onto a chain of the other homopolymer.

  • ionic compound

    A compound composed of cations and anions. (Section 2.7)

  • methyl shift

    A type of carbocation rearrangement in which a methyl group migrates.

  • mole

    A collection of Avogadro’s number 16.022 * 10232 of objects; for example, a mole of H2O is 6.022 * 1023 H2O molecules. (Section 3.4)

  • oxyanion

    A polyatomic anion that contains one or more oxygen atoms. (Section 2.8)

  • probability density 1c22

    A value that represents the probability that an electron will be found at a given point in space. Also called electron density. (Section 6.5)

  • protecting group

    A group that is used during synthesis to protect a functional group from the reaction conditions.

  • radical anion

    An intermediate that has both a negative charge and an unpaired electron.

  • Saponifi cation

    Hydrolysis of an ester in aqueous NaOH or KOH to an alcohol and the sodium or potassium salts of carboxylic acids

  • sigma (s) bond

    A bond that is characterized by circular symmetry with respect to the bond axis.

  • specific heat 1Cs2

    The heat capacity of 1 g of a substance; the heat required to raise the temperature of 1 g of a substance by 1 °C. (Section 5.5)

  • trivalent

    An element, such as nitrogen, that forms three bonds.

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