- Chapter Chapter 1: Chemistry in Our Lives
- Chapter Chapter 10: Acids and Bases and Equilibrium
- Chapter Chapter 11: Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Hydrocarbons
- Chapter Chapter 12: Alcohols, Thiols, Ethers, Aldehydes, and Ketones
- Chapter Chapter 13: Carbohydrates
- Chapter Chapter 14: Carboxylic Acids, Esters, Amines, and Amides
- Chapter Chapter 15: Lipids
- Chapter Chapter 16: Amino Acids, Proteins, and Enzymes
- Chapter Chapter 17: Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis
- Chapter Chapter 18: Metabolic Pathways and Energy Production
- Chapter Chapter 2: Chemistry and Measurements
- Chapter Chapter 3: Matter and Energy
- Chapter Chapter 4: Atoms and Elements
- Chapter Chapter 5: Nuclear Chemistry
- Chapter Chapter 6: Ionic and Molecular Compunds
- Chapter Chapter 7: Chemical Quantities and Reactions
- Chapter Chapter 8: Gases
- Chapter Chapter 9: Solutions
Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry 12th Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition
Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry | 12th Edition - Solutions by ChapterGet Full Solutions
Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is annulene.
At constant pressure and temperature, the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas present. (5.3)
A copolymer in which the different homopolymer subunits are connected together in one chain.
A polyhydroxyaldehyde, a polyhydroxyketone, or a substance that gives these compounds on hydrolysis.
A complex polymer resulting from the polymerization of two or more chemically different monomers. (Section 12.8)
A region of a polymer inwhich the chains are linearly extended and closein proximity to one another, resulting in van der Waals forces that hold the chains close together.
A lone pair or charge that is participating in resonance.
The gradual mixing of molecules of one gas with the molecules of another by virtue of their kinetic properties. (5.7)
In electrocyclicreactions, a type of rotation in which the orbitalsbeing used to form the new s bond must rotate in opposite directions (one rotates clockwise while the other rotates counterclockwise).
A steroid hormone, such as estrone and estradiol, that mediates the development of sexual characteristics in females.
gas constant (R)
The constant of proportionality in the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)
A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with borane (BH3) to give a trialkylborane, which is then oxidized with alkaline hydrogen peroxide to give an alcohol
A homogeneous alloy with definite properties and a fixed composition. Intermetallic compounds are stoichiometric compounds that form between metallic elements. (Section 12.3)
The total energy possessed by a system. When a system undergoes a change, the change in internal energy, ?E, is defined as the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)
law of constant composition
A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure compound is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of definite proportions. (Section 1.2)
In the addition of HX, H2O, or ROH to an alkene, hydrogen adds to the carbon of the double bond having the greater number of hydrogens.
A simple sugar, most commonly containing six carbon atoms. The joining together of monosaccharide units by condensation reactions results in formation of polysaccharides. (Section 24.8)
N-Terminal amino acid
The amino acid at the end of a polypeptide chain having the free !NH2 group
A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located only at the corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)
A process in which a substance gains one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)