- 1.2.3: How many valence electrons do the following atoms have? a. boron b....
- 1.2.4: a. Write electronic configurations for chlorine (atomic number 17),...
- 1.2.5: Look at the relative positions of each pair of atoms listed here in...
Solutions for Chapter 1.2: How the Electrons in an Atom Are Distributed
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
The product obtained from 1,4-addition across a conjugated p system.
A reaction that achieves the addition of water across a double bond in the presence of an acid catalyst.
A compound containing an !OH (hydroxyl) group bonded to a carbon atom
alpha (a) position
The position immediately adjacent to a functional group.
An sp3 -hybridized carbon bonded to a benzene ring
Center of symmetry
A point so situated that identical components of an object are located on opposite sides and equidistant from that point along any axis passing through it.
A tetrahedral atom, most commonly carbon, that is bonded to four different groups; also called a chirality center
The intermolecular attraction between like molecules. (11.3)
A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)
The process by which a metal is oxidized by substances in its environment. (Section 20.8)
A unit of measure fordipole moments, where 1 debye = 10-18 esu×cm.
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of two peaks.
Polymers that return to their original shape after being stretched.
Enantiomeric excess (ee)
The difference between the percentage of two enantiomers in a mixture
enthalpy of formation
The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)
Proteins that consist of linear chains that are bundled together.
The number of full cycles of a wave that pass a given point in a second, and reported in hertz (Hz), which has the units s21
The sign of the wave function at particular coordinates in space, either plus or minus. Phasing is often represented by colors, such as red or blue
The determination of the amount of a given substance that is present in a sample. (Section 17.7)
A synthetictechnique for preparing racemic a-amino acidsfrom aldehydes.