- 1.2.3: How many valence electrons do the following atoms have? a. boron b....
- 1.2.4: a. Write electronic configurations for chlorine (atomic number 17),...
- 1.2.5: Look at the relative positions of each pair of atoms listed here in...
Solutions for Chapter 1.2: How the Electrons in an Atom Are Distributed
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
An object that lacks chirality; an object that has no handedness
axis of symmetry
An axis about which a compound possesses rotational symmetry.
The distance between the centers of two bonded atoms. (Section 8.3)
A positively charged, bridged intermediate formed during the addition reaction that occurs when an alkene is treated with molecular bromine (Br2).
A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton acceptor. (Section 16.2)
Carboxyl group (Section 1.3D)
A !COOH group.
The study of matter and the changes it undergoes. (1.1)
Compounds composed entirely of chlorine, fluorine, and carbon. (Section 18.3)
A [3,3] sigmatropic rearrangement that is observed for allylic vinylic ethers.
A substance composed of two or more elements united chemically in definite proportions. (Section 1.2)
Compounds that have the same molecular formula but differ in the way the atoms are connected.
A mode of radioactive decay in which an inner-shell orbital electron is captured by the nucleus. (Section 21.1)
A cyclic compound containing at least one heteroatom (such as S, N, or O) in the ring.
A reaction in which bonds are cleaved by treatment with water.
A compound with the structure R!O!O!H.
The loss of electrons. Alternatively, either the loss of hydrogens, the gain of oxygens, or both.
The negative log in base 10 of the aquated hydrogen ion concentration: pH = -log3H+4. (Section 16.4)
probability density 1c22
A value that represents the probability that an electron will be found at a given point in space. Also called electron density. (Section 6.5)
A reaction in which the configuration of the product is dependent on the configuration of the starting material.
A nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring that is twisted from and slightly more stable than a boat conformation.