- 1.2.3: How many valence electrons do the following atoms have? a. boron b....
- 1.2.4: a. Write electronic configurations for chlorine (atomic number 17),...
- 1.2.5: Look at the relative positions of each pair of atoms listed here in...
Solutions for Chapter 1.2: How the Electrons in an Atom Are Distributed
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
A summary of the results of many possible displacement reactions. (4.4)
A format for naming primary amines containing a complex alkyl group.
atomic mass unit (amu)
A unit based on the value of exactly 12 amu for the mass of the isotope of carbon that has six protons and six neutrons in the nucleus. (Sections 2.3 and 3.3)
As protons are added one by one to the nucleus to build up the elements, electrons similarly are added to the atomic orbitals. (7.9)
Bonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which electrons have a lower energy than they would in isolated atomic orbitals
crossed Claisen condensation
A Claisen condensation reaction that occurs between different partners.
Cyclic polyethers whose molecular models resemble crowns.
The three- dimensional arrangement of the electron domains around an atom according to the VSEPR model. (Section 9.2)
From the Greek meaning electron loving. Any species that can accept a pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond; alternatively, a Lewis acid.
The number of times per second that one complete wavelength passes a given point. (Section 6.1)
A fi ve-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.
A back-to-back arrangement of phospholipid monolayers, often forming a closed vesicle or membrane.
The NO+ ion, which is formed when NaNO2 is treated with HCl.
nucleophilic aromatic substitution
A substitution reaction in which an aromatic ring is attacked by a nucleophile, which replaces a leaving group.
A building block of nucleic acids, consisting of d-ribose or 2-deoxy-d-ribose bonded to a heterocyclic aromatic amine base by a b-N-glycosidic bond
A naturally occurring combustible liquid composed of hundreds of hydrocarbons and other organic compounds. (Section 5.8)
An isotope that is radioactive; that is, it is undergoing nuclear changes with emission of radiation. (Section 21.1)
A reaction in which the configuration of the product is dependent on the configuration of the starting material.
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of exactly 0°.
An intermediate with tetrahedral geometry. This type of intermediate is formed when a nucleophile attacks the carbonyl group of a carboxylic acid derivative.
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