- 4.1.23: ( + )-Mandelic acid has a specific rotation of +158 . What would be...
- 4.1.2: Draw the cis and trans isomers for the following: a. 1-bromo-4-chlo...
- 4.1.24: Naproxen, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug that is the active ...
- 4.1.3: a. Which of the following compounds can exist as cistrans isomers? ...
- 4.1.25: A solution prepared by mixing 10 mL of a 0.10 M solution of the R e...
- 4.1.4: Draw skeletal structures for all the compounds in , including any c...
- 4.1.5: Draw three compounds with molecular formula C5H10 that have carbonc...
- 4.1.6: Which of the following compounds have a dipole moment of zero? H H ...
Solutions for Chapter 4.1: CisTrans Isomers Result From Restricted Rotation
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
A quantitative measure of the extent to which a compound absorbs radiation of a particular wavelength. A 5 log (I0/I ) where I0 is the incident radiation and I is the transmitted radiation
The product formed when the !CHO group of an aldose is oxidized to a !COOH group
Enantiomers that lack a chiral center and differ because of hindered rotation.
A nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring in which carbons 1 and 4 of the ring are bent toward each other
Addition of a nucleophile to the b-carbon of an a,b-unsaturated carbonyl compound. (Section 20.2A) Addition to carbons 1 and 4 of a conjugated diene.
Loss of CO2 from a carboxyl group.
The arrangement of electrons in the orbitals of an atom or molecule (Section 6.8)
The measure of disorder associated with a system.
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on different-type ions point in opposite directions but do not fully cancel out. (Section 23.1)
The attractive interaction between a hydrogen atom bonded to an atom of high electronegativity (most commonly O or N) and a lone pair of electrons on another atom of high electronegativity (again, most commonly O or N).
A !CH2! group.
A spherical arrangement of organic molecules in water solution clustered so that their hydrophobic parts are buried inside the sphere and their hydrophilic parts are on the surface of the sphere and in contact with water
Compounds formed when hydrogen reacts with nonmetals and metalloids. (Section 22.2)
Molecular orbital (MO) theory
A theory of chemical bonding in which electrons in molecules occupy molecular orbitals that extend over the entire molecule and are formed by the combination of the atomic orbitals that make up the molecule
The study of carbon-containing compounds, typically containing carbon–carbon bonds. (Section 2.9; Chapter 24:Introduction)
The amide linkage by which two amino acids are coupled together to form peptides.
A biopolymer formed from amino acids. (Section 24.7)
representative (main-group) element
An element from within the s and p blocks of the periodic table (Figure 6.29). (Section 6.9)
Secondary structure of proteins
The ordered arrangements (conformations) of amino acids in localized regions of a polypeptide or protein
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of only one peak.