- 6.4.6: What would be the major product obtained from the addition of HBr t...
- 6.4.7: What alkene should be used to synthesize each of the following alky...
- 6.4.8: To which compound is the addition of HBr more highly regioselective...
Solutions for Chapter 6.4: Electrophilic Addition Reactions Are Regioselective
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
The conjugate base of an alcohol.
An ion with a net negative charge. (2.5)
The C1 position of the cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose or the C2 position of the cyclic hemiacetal of a ketose.
A state in which the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are equal. (14.1)
A conjugated diene or carbonyl is one in which the double bonds are separated by one single bond
delocalized molecular orbitals.
Molecular orbitals that are not confined between two adjacent bonding atoms but actually extend over three or more atoms. (10.8)
A process during which a protein unfolds under conditions of mild heating.
A bimolecular eliminationreaction.eclipsed conformation (Sect. 4.7): A conformationin which groups are eclipsing each other in aNewman projection.
A mode of radioactive decay in which an inner-shell orbital electron is captured by the nucleus. (Section 21.1)
For electromagnetic radiation, the number of wavelengths that pass a particular point in space per unit time.
The equilibrium established between substances in two or more different phases, for example, between a gas and a solid or between a solid and a liquid. (Section 15.4)
hydronium ion 1H3O+2
The predominant form of the proton in aqueous solution. (Section 16.2)
A drawing style inwhich the electrons take center stage.linear polymer (Sect. 27.6): A polymer thathas only a minimal amount of branching or nobranching at all.
Finely powdered palladium metal deposited on solid calcium carbonate that has been specially modifi ed with lead salts. Its particular use is as a catalyst for the reduction of an alkyne to a cis alkene
The mass of one mole of a substance in grams; it is numerically equal to the formula weight in atomic mass units. (Section 3.4)
Plane of symmetry
An imaginary plane passing through an object dividing it so that one half is the mirror image of the other half
probability density 1c22
A value that represents the probability that an electron will be found at a given point in space. Also called electron density. (Section 6.5)
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of four peaks.
tertiary alkyl halide
An organohalide in which the alpha (a) position is connected to three alkyl groups.
An internal salt of an amino acid; the carboxylate is negatively charged, and the ammonium group is positively charged