- 6.18.56: Show how each of the following compounds can be synthesized from an...
- 6.18.57: Explain why 3-methylcyclohexene should not be used as the starting ...
- 6.18.58: Show how each of the following compounds can be synthesized from an...
Solutions for Chapter 6.18: Reactions and Synthesis
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.
The energy gap between a fully occupied band called a valence band and an empty band called the conduction band. (Section 12.7)
The most common drawing style employed by organic chemists. All carbon atoms and most hydrogen atoms are implied but not explicitly drawn in a bond-line structure.
The process by which a liquid rises in a tube because of a combination of adhesion to the walls of the tube and cohesion between liquid particles. (Section 11.3)
A means of protecting a metal against corrosion by making it the cathode in a voltaic cell. This can be achieved by attaching a more easily oxidized metal, which serves as an anode, to the metal to be protected. (Section 20.8)
Substance capable of conducting electric current. (21.3)
A molecule containing an !OH group and a !CN group bonded to the same carbon.
Very weak intermolecular forces of attraction resulting from the interaction between temporary induced dipoles
In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are anti to the larger bridge.
Heterolytic bond cleavage
Cleavage of a bond so that one fragment retains both electrons and the other retains none.
A combination of two or more substances in which each substance retains its own chemical identity. (Section 1.2)
molal freezing-point-depression constant (Kf)
A constant characteristic of a particular solvent that gives the decrease in freezing point as a function of solution molality: ?Tf = -Kf m. (Section 13.5)
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
A polymer of amino acids that has a molecular weight of less than 10,000. (Section 24.7)
For proteins, the sequence of amino acid residues.
A characteristic that gives a sample of matter its unique identity. (Section 1.1)
In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is rich.
A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.
A substitution reaction in which the solvent functions as the nucleophile.
An atom, most commonly carbon, about which exchange of two groups produces a stereoisomer. Chiral centers are one type of stereocenter