- 8.12.21: How many bonding, nonbonding, and antibonding p molecular orbitals ...
- 8.12.22: Can a radical be aromatic?
- 8.12.23: Following the instructions for drawing the p molecular orbital ener...
Solutions for Chapter 8.12: A Molecular Orbital Description of Aromaticity and Antiaromaticity
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 8.12: A Molecular Orbital Description of Aromaticity and AntiaromaticityGet Full Solutions
The product formed when the !CHO group of an aldose is oxidized to a !COOH group
bonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which the electron density is concentrated in the internuclear region. The energy of a bonding molecular orbital is lower than the energy of the separate atomic orbitals from which it forms. (Section 9.7)
A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being consumed. (13.6)
A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)
A polymer in which neighboring chains are linked together, for example, by disulfide bonds.
A material that can undergo a substantial change in shape via stretching, bending, or compression and return to its original shape upon release of the distorting force. (Section 12.6)
Hydrogens that have the same chemical environment
A compound containing an oxygen atom bonded to two carbon atoms.
A substance with one or more unpaired electrons. (Section 21.9)
The bond from the anomeric carbon of a glycoside to an !OR group
A compound in which the carbonyl group 1C “O2 occurs at the interior of a carbon chain and is therefore flanked by carbon atoms. (Section 24.4)
Matter that has a distinct volume but no specific shape. (Section 1.2)
A nucleoside in which a molecule of phosphoric acid is esterifi ed with an !OH of the monosaccharide, most commonly either the 39!OH or the 59!OH.
The pressure exerted by a particular gas in a mixture. (Section 10.6)
The structure that arises when a protein consists of two or more folded polypeptide chains that aggregate to form one protein complex.
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of five peaks.
representative (main-group) element
An element from within the s and p blocks of the periodic table (Figure 6.29). (Section 6.9)
A process of reasoning backwards from a target molecule to a suitable set of starting materials.
A triester formed from glycerol and three long-chain carboxylic acids.