Solutions for Chapter 9.9: Methylating Agents Used by Chemists versus Those Used by Cells
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 9.9: Methylating Agents Used by Chemists versus Those Used by CellsGet Full Solutions
A functional group characterized by two alkoxy (OR) groups connected to the same carbon atom.Acetals can be used as protecting groups for aldehydes or ketones.
An amine in which nitrogen is bonded to one or more aryl groups.
A temperature scale on which water freezes at 0° and boils at 100° at sea level. (Section 1.4)
Chlorofl uorocarbons (CFCs, Freons)
Compounds with one or two carbons, chlorine, and fl uorine, formerly used as refrigerants
conjugate acid–base pair
An acid and a base, such as H2O and OH-, that differ only in the presence or absence of a proton. (Section 16.2)
A reaction involving loss of CO2, characteristic of compounds containing a carbonyl group that is beta to a COOH group.
The region of an IR spectrum that contains signals resulting from the vibrational excitation of most single bonds (stretching and bending).
A process performed in the presence of hydrogen gas by which large alkanes in petroleum are converted into smaller alkanes that are more suitable for use as gasoline.
limiting reactant (limiting reagent)
The reactant present in the smallest stoichiometric quantity in a mixture of reactants; the amount of product that can form is limited by the complete consumption of the limiting reactant. (Section 3.7)
A plot of the relative abundance of ions versus their mass-to-charge ratio
Solids that are composed of molecules. (Sections 12.1 and 12.6)
The NO+ ion, which is formed when NaNO2 is treated with HCl.
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
Biological damage caused by photosensitizers, light, and oxygen, used to kill tumor and other cells.
A triglyceride having several carbon-carbon double bonds in the hydrocarbon chains of its three fatty acids.
A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located only at the corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)
A series of intermediates and curved arrows that show howthe reaction occurs in terms of the motion of electrons.
The study of the energy of chemical structures.
A geometry adopted by an atom that has one lone pair and a steric number of 4.
Reduction of the C"O group of an aldehyde or ketone to a CH2 group using hydrazine and a base. Ylide (Section 16.6)