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Solutions for Chapter 10.5: COMPETITION BETWEEN E2 AND E1 REACTIONS
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
An organic compound that contains a carbonyl group 1C “O2 to which at least one hydrogen atom is attached. (Section 24.4)
A monocyclic compound that is planar or nearly so, has one 2p orbital on each atom of the ring, and has 4n p electrons in the cyclic arrangement of overlapping 2p orbitals, where n is an integer. Antiaromatic compounds are especially unstable
beta (b) anomer
The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose, in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is cis to the CH2OH group.
A temperature scale on which water freezes at 0° and boils at 100° at sea level. (Section 1.4)
A polymer that is constructed from more than one repeating unit.
A bond that results when two atoms share a pair of electrons.
A state of a system at higher energy than the ground state.
The general name given to a group of polysaccharides of glucose that are synthesized in mammals and used to store energy from carbohydrates. (Section 24.7)
The lowest energy state of a system.
A reaction in which a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) are added across a p bond.
A compound that rotates plane-polarized light.
A compound in which one or more OH groups, and possibly additional oxygen atoms, are bonded to a central atom. (Section 16.10)
A mathematical description of an electron that incorporates its wavelike properties.
radioactive decay chain
A series of nuclear reactions that begins with an unstable nucleus and terminates with a stable one. Also called nuclear disintegration series. (Section 21.2)
In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is rich.
A homogeneous alloy, where two or more elements are distributed randomly and uniformly throughout the solid. (Section 12.3)
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with two p orbitals to form three hybridized atomic orbitals.
A polymer with alternating R and S confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, syndiotactic polypropylene
An intermediate with tetrahedral geometry. This type of intermediate is formed when a nucleophile attacks the carbonyl group of a carboxylic acid derivative.
A process that involves the removal of a carbon atom from an aldose. The aldehyde group is first converted to a cyanohydrin, followed by loss of HCN in the presence of a base.