Solutions for Chapter 13.3: RADICAL STABILITY DEPENDS ON THE NUMBER OF ALKYL GROUPS ATTACHED TO THE CARBON WITH THE UNPAIRED ELECTRON
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 13.3: RADICAL STABILITY DEPENDS ON THE NUMBER OF ALKYL GROUPS ATTACHED TO THE CARBON WITH THE UNPAIRED ELECTRONGet Full Solutions
Hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds. They have the general formula CnH2n22, where n 5 2,3, . . . . (24.2)
The process whereby water spontaneously forms low concentrations of H+1aq2 and OH-1aq2 ions by proton transfer from one water molecule to another. (Section 16.3)
A solution of (a) a weak acid or base and (b) its salt; both components must be present. The solution has the ability to resist changes in pH upon the addition of small amounts of either acid or base. (16.3)
A microcrystalline form of carbon. (Section 22.9)
The pressure at which a gas at its critical temperature is converted to a liquid state. (Section 11.4)
A compound containing a cyano group and a hydroxyl group connected to the same carbon atom.
Dalton’s law of partial pressures.
The total pressure of a mixture of gases is just the sum of the pressures that each gas would exert if it were present alone. (5.6)
An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and OH.
A compound that rotates plane-polarized light in a clockwise direction (+).
The branch of chemistry that deals with the relationships between electricity and chemical reactions. (Chapter 20: Introduction)
A curved arrow with only one barb, indicating the motion of just one electron (also see Sect. 11.1).
An acetal that is obtained by treating the cyclic hemiacetal form of a monosaccharide with an alcohol under acid-catalyzed conditions.
A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system and its surroundings to their original states. Any spontaneous process is irreversible. (Section 19.1)
The energy that an object possesses by virtue of its motion. (Section 5.1)
The extent to which plane-polarized light is rotated by a solution of a chiral compound.
oxidation number (oxidation state)
A positive or negative whole number assigned to an element in a molecule or ion on the basis of a set of formal rules; to some degree it reflects the positive or negative character of that atom. (Section 4.4)
An intermediate with a positively charged oxygen atom.
The ratio of the actual (experimental) yield of a product to its theoretical (calculated) yield, multiplied by 100. (Section 3.7)
rare earth element
See lanthanide element. (Sections 6.8 and 6.9)
High-molecular-weight esters that are constructed from carboxylic acids and alcohols.