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Solutions for Chapter 14.4: ISOTOPES IN MASS SPECTROMETRY

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 14.4: ISOTOPES IN MASS SPECTROMETRY

Solutions for Chapter 14.4
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Chapter 14.4: ISOTOPES IN MASS SPECTROMETRY includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. Since 1 problems in chapter 14.4: ISOTOPES IN MASS SPECTROMETRY have been answered, more than 41699 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • actinide series.

    Elements that have incompletely filled 5f subshells or readily give rise to cations that have incompletely filled 5f subshells. (7.9)

  • addition reaction

    A reaction in which a reagent adds to the two carbon atoms of a carbon–carbon multiple bond. (Section 24.3)

  • alcohol

    An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)

  • Anti conformation

    A conformation about a single bond in which two groups on adjacent carbons lie at a dihedral angle of 180°.

  • back-side attack

    In SN2 reactions, the side opposite the leaving group, which is where the nucleophile attacks.

  • bonding molecular orbital.

    A molecular orbital that is of lower energy and greater stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)

  • chemical formula

    A notation that uses chemical symbols with numerical subscripts to convey the relative proportions of atoms of the different elements in a substance. (Section 2.6)

  • compound

    A substance composed of two or more elements united chemically in definite proportions. (Section 1.2)

  • conjugate acid–base pair

    An acid and a base, such as H2O and OH-, that differ only in the presence or absence of a proton. (Section 16.2)

  • curved arrows

    Tools that are used for drawing resonance structures and for showing the flow of electron density during each step of a reaction mechanism.

  • Fingerprint region

    Vibrations in the region 1500 to 400 cm21 of an IR spectrum are complex and diffi cult to analyze but are characteristic for different molecules.

  • first-order reaction

    A reaction in which the reaction rate is proportional to the concentration of a single reactant, raised to the first power. (Section 14.4)

  • furanose

    A five-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.

  • Optically active

    Refers to a compound that rotates the plane of plane-polarized light

  • Organic synthesis

    A series of reactions by which a set of organic starting materials is converted to a more complicated structure.

  • periplanar

    A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are approximately coplanar.

  • primary structure

    For proteins, the sequence of amino acid residues.

  • representative (main-group) element

    An element from within the s and p blocks of the periodic table (Figure 6.29). (Section 6.9)

  • resonance structures (resonance forms)

    Individual Lewis structures in cases where two or more Lewis structures are equally good descriptions of a single molecule. The resonance structures in such an instance are “averaged” to give a more accurate description of the real molecule. (Section 8.6)

  • Stereospecific reaction

    A special type of stereoselective reaction in which the stereochemistry of the product is dependent on the stereochemistry of the starting material.

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