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Solutions for Chapter 17.11: The Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones with Water

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 17.11: The Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones with Water

Since 3 problems in chapter 17.11: The Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones with Water have been answered, more than 37557 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221. Chapter 17.11: The Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones with Water includes 3 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • active site

    Specific site on a heterogeneous catalyst or an enzyme where catalysis occurs. (Section 14.7)

  • alkyl halide

    An organic compound containing at least one halogen.

  • catalyst.

    A substance that increases the rate of a chemical reaction without itself being consumed. (13.6)

  • chair conformation

    The lowest energy conformation for cyclohexane, in which all bond angles are fairly close to 109.5° and all hydrogen atoms are staggered.

  • decarboxylation

    A reaction involving loss of CO2, characteristic of compounds containing a carbonyl group that is beta to a COOH group.

  • dynamic equilibrium

    A state of balance in which opposing processes occur at the same rate. (Section 11.5)

  • electronegativity

    A measure of the ability of an atom that is bonded to another atom to attract electrons to itself. (Section 8.4)

  • Exergonic reaction

    A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is lower than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an exergonic reaction favors products.

  • homogeneous catalyst

    A catalyst that is in the same phase as the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)

  • hydroboration-oxidation

    A twostep process that achieves an anti-Markovnikov addition of a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.

  • ionic bond

    A bond that results from the force of attraction between two oppositely charged ions.

  • ionization energy

    The energy required to remove an electron from a gaseous atom when the atom is in its ground state. (Section 7.4)

  • Michael donor

    The nucleophile in a Michael reaction.

  • nucleotide

    Compounds formed from a molecule of phosphoric acid, a sugar molecule, and an organic nitrogen base. Nucleotides form linear polymers called DNA and RNA, which are involved in protein synthesis and cell reproduction. (Section 24.10)

  • osmosis

    The net movement of solvent through a semipermeable membrane toward the solution with greater solute concentration. (Section 13.5)

  • reaction rate

    A measure of the decrease in concentration of a reactant or the increase in concentration of a product with time. (Section 14.2)

  • reductive amination

    The conversion of a ketone or aldehyde into an imine under conditions in which the imine is reduced as soon as it is formed, giving an amine.

  • reversible process

    A process that can go back and forth between states along exactly the same path; a system at equilibrium is reversible if equilibrium can be shifted by an infinitesimal modification of a variable such as temperature. (Section 19.1)

  • spin-spin splitting

    A phenomenon observed most commonly for nonequivalent protons connected to adjacent carbon atoms, in which the multiplicity of each signal is affected by the other.

  • Tollens’ reagent

    A solution prepared by dissolving Ag2O in aqueous ammonia; used for selective oxidation of an aldehyde to a carboxylic acid.

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