- 18.4.9: Explain why a racemic mixture is formed when ( R )-4-methyl-3-hexan...
- 18.4.10: A ketone undergoes acid-catalyzed bromination, acid-catalyzed chlor...
Solutions for Chapter 18.4: Halogenation of the a-Carbon of Aldehydes and Ketones
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 18.4: Halogenation of the a-Carbon of Aldehydes and KetonesGet Full Solutions
Any substituent on a benzene ring that causes the rate of electrophilic aromatic substitution to be greater than that for benzene.
Compounds containing a carbon-carbon triple bond.
A compound that has the general formula R3N, where R may be H or a hydrocarbon group. (Section 16.7)
Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is annulene.
The positively charged, resonance-stabilized, intermediate of anelectrophilic aromatic substitution reaction. Also called a sigma complex.
Compound containing only carbon, chlorine, and fluorine.
The term used to express the concept of less shielding in NMR
A solute that produces ions in solution; an electrolytic solution conducts an electric current. (Section 4.1)
For a mixture containing two enantiomers, the difference between the percent concentration of the major enantiomer and the percent concentration of its mirror image.
enthalpy of reaction
The enthalpy change associated with a chemical reaction. (Section 5.4)
A protein molecule that acts to catalyze specific biochemical reactions. (Section 14.7)
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins align parallel to one another. (Section 23.1)
An electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction that installs an alkyl group on an aromatic ring.
Members of group 7A in the periodic table. (Section 7.8)
A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) and an alkoxy group (OR) connected to the same carbon atom.
A common name for a thiol; that is, any compound that contains an -SH (sulfhydryl) group
A substance that does not ionize in water and consequently gives a nonconducting solution. (Section 4.1)
Having no net overlap.
The total of (single bonds + lone pairs) for an atom in a compound.
In nomenclature, the groups connected to the parent chain.