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Solutions for Chapter 18.5: Halogenation of the a-Carbon of Carboxylic Acids: The HellVolhardZelinski Reaction

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 18.5: Halogenation of the a-Carbon of Carboxylic Acids: The HellVolhardZelinski Reaction

Solutions for Chapter 18.5
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Chapter 18.5: Halogenation of the a-Carbon of Carboxylic Acids: The HellVolhardZelinski Reaction includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by Patricia and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221. Since 1 problems in chapter 18.5: Halogenation of the a-Carbon of Carboxylic Acids: The HellVolhardZelinski Reaction have been answered, more than 8401 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acidic cleavage

    A reaction in which bonds are broken in the presence of an acid. For example, in the presence of a strong acid, an ether is converted into two alkyl halides.

  • acylium ion

    The resonancestabilized, cationic intermediate of a Friedel-Crafts acylation, formed by treating an acyl halide with aluminum trichloride.

  • Alkylation reaction

    Any reaction in which a new carbon-carbon bond to an alkyl group is formed.

  • allylic

    The positions that are adjacent to the vinylic positions of a carboncarbon double bond.

  • axis of symmetry

    An axis about which a compound possesses rotational symmetry.

  • Brønsted–Lowry base

    A substance (molecule or ion) that acts as a proton acceptor. (Section 16.2)

  • capillary action

    The process by which a liquid rises in a tube because of a combination of adhesion to the walls of the tube and cohesion between liquid particles. (Section 11.3)

  • coordination number

    The number of adjacent atoms to which an atom is directly bonded. In a complex the coordination number of the metal ion is the number of donor atoms to which it is bonded. (Sections 12.37 and 24.2)

  • dehydrohalogenation

    An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and a halogen (such as Cl, Br, or I).

  • d–d transition

    The transition of an electron in a transition-metal compound from a lower-energy d orbital to a higher-energy d orbital. (Section 23.6)

  • law of mass action

    The rules by which the equilibrium constant is expressed in terms of the concentrations of reactants and products, in accordance with the balanced chemical equation for the reaction. (Section 15.2)

  • London dispersion forces

    Attractive forces between transient dipole moments, observed in alkanes.

  • Observed rotation

    the number of degrees through which a compound rotates the plane of polarized light

  • oxidation number (oxidation state)

    A positive or negative whole number assigned to an element in a molecule or ion on the basis of a set of formal rules; to some degree it reflects the positive or negative character of that atom. (Section 4.4)

  • Quaternary structure

    The arrangement of polypeptide monomers into a noncovalently bonded aggregate.

  • rate equation

    An equation thatdescribes the relationship between the rate of a reactionand the concentration of reactants.

  • s-cis

    A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).

  • solid

    Matter that has both a definite shape and a definite volume. (Section 1.2)

  • systematic name

    A name that is assigned using the rules of IUPAC nomenclature.

  • Williamson ether synthesis

    A general method for the synthesis of dialkyl ethers by an SN2 reaction between a haloalkane and an alkoxide ion.

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