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Solutions for Chapter 18.5: Halogenation of the a-Carbon of Carboxylic Acids: The HellVolhardZelinski Reaction

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 18.5: Halogenation of the a-Carbon of Carboxylic Acids: The HellVolhardZelinski Reaction

Solutions for Chapter 18.5
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Chapter 18.5: Halogenation of the a-Carbon of Carboxylic Acids: The HellVolhardZelinski Reaction includes 1 full step-by-step solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221. Since 1 problems in chapter 18.5: Halogenation of the a-Carbon of Carboxylic Acids: The HellVolhardZelinski Reaction have been answered, more than 41193 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alcohol

    An organic compound obtained by substituting a hydroxyl group 1¬OH2 for a hydrogen on a hydrocarbon. (Sections 2.9 and 24.4)

  • aldol condensation

    An aldol addition followed by dehydration to give an a,bunsaturated ketone or aldehyde.

  • chlorohydrin

    A compound containing a Cl group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.

  • Constitutional isomers

    Compounds with the same molecular formula but a different connectivity of their atoms

  • constructive interference

    When two waves interact with each other in a way that produces a wave with a larger amplitude.

  • deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)

    A polynucleotide in which the sugar component is deoxyribose. (Section 24.10)

  • electrophilic aromatic substitution

    A substitution reaction in which an aromatic proton is replaced by an electrophile and the aromatic moiety is preserved.

  • entropy

    A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)

  • first law of thermodynamics

    A statement that energy is conserved in any process. One way to express the law is that the change in internal energy, ?E, of a system in any process is equal to the heat, q, added to the system, plus the work, w, done on the system by its surroundings: ?E = q + w. (Section 5.2)

  • heterolytic bond cleavage

    Bond breaking that results in the formation of ions.

  • hydrogen bonding

    A special type of dipole-dipole interaction that occurs between an electronegative atom and a hydrogen atom that is connected to another electronegative atom.

  • Lewis acid

    A compound capable offunctioning as an electron pair acceptor.

  • percent ionization

    The percent of a substance that undergoes ionization on dissolution in water. The term applies to solutions of weak acids and bases. (Section 16.6)

  • probability density 1c22

    A value that represents the probability that an electron will be found at a given point in space. Also called electron density. (Section 6.5)

  • radial probability function

    The probability that the electron will be found at a certain distance from the nucleus. (Section 6.6)

  • reduction

    A process in which a substance gains one or more electrons. (Section 4.4)

  • Robinson annulation

    The combination of a Michael addition followed by an aldol condensation to form a ring.

  • smectic liquid crystalline phase

    A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned along their long axes and arranged in sheets, with the ends of the molecules aligned. There are several different kinds of smectic phases. (Section 12.8)

  • tosylate

    An excellent leaving group (OTs). transition state (Sect. 6.6): A state through which a reaction passes. On an energy diagram, a transition state corresponds with a local maximum.

  • van der Waals forces

    A group of intermolecular attractive forces including dipole-dipole, dipole-induced dipole, and induced dipole-induced dipole (dispersion) forces

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