- 18.19.40: What alkyl bromide should be used in the acetoacetic ester synthesi...
- 18.19.41: Starting with methyl propanoate, how could you prepare 4-methyl-3-h...
Solutions for Chapter 18.19: The Acetoacetic Ester Synthesis: A Way to Synthesize a Methyl Ketone
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 18.19: The Acetoacetic Ester Synthesis: A Way to Synthesize a Methyl KetoneGet Full Solutions
The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is oxidized.
A statement that equal volumes of gases at the same temperature and pressure contain equal numbers of molecules. (Section 10.3)
A measure of the degree to which the electrons are shared unequally between two atoms in a chemical bond. (Section 8.4)
A structure that bears a positive charge.
When two waves interact with each other in a way that produces a wave with a larger amplitude.
coupling (of radicals)
A radical process in which two radicals join together and form a bond.
Protein that does not exhibit normal biological activities. (25.3)
Strands of a polymer that are generated when the polymer is heated, forced through small holes, and then cooled.
A compound containing a CRN bond.
The attractive forces between molecules.
Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)
Plasma particles, density 1.02–1.06 g/mL, consisting of approximately 26% proteins, 50% cholesterol, 21% phospholipids, and 4% triglycerides.
The ratio of the number of moles of one component of a mixture to the total moles of all components; abbreviated X, with a subscript to identify the component. (Section 10.6)
Molecular dipole moment (m)
The vector sum of individual bond dipoles.
nematic liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal in which the molecules are aligned in the same general direction, along their long axes, but in which the ends of the molecules are not aligned. (Section 11.7)
Polymers of high molecular weight that carry genetic information and control protein synthesis. (Section 24.10)
parts per million (ppm)
The concentration of a solution in grams of solute per 106 (million) grams of solution; equals milligrams of solute per liter of solution for aqueous solutions. (Section 13.4)
Pauli exclusion principle
A rule stating that no two electrons in an atom may have the same four quantum numbers (n, l, ml, and ms). As a reflection of this principle, there can be no more than two electrons in any one atomic orbital. (Section 6.7)
A carbohydrate that is oxidized upon treatment with Tollens’ reagent, Fehling’s reagent, or Benedict’s reagent.
A compound that contains no p bonds.
The highest energy point on a reaction coordinate diagram. The chemical structure at this point is commonly called an activated complex.