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Solutions for Chapter 19.6: The Sulfonation of Benzene

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 19.6: The Sulfonation of Benzene

Solutions for Chapter 19.6
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This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. Since 1 problems in chapter 19.6: The Sulfonation of Benzene have been answered, more than 37895 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221. Chapter 19.6: The Sulfonation of Benzene includes 1 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alkoxymercuration-demercuration

    A two-step process that achieves Markovnikov addition of an alcohol (H and OR) across an alkene. The product of this process is an ether.

  • beta (b) anomer

    The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose, in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is cis to the CH2OH group.

  • capillary action

    The process by which a liquid rises in a tube because of a combination of adhesion to the walls of the tube and cohesion between liquid particles. (Section 11.3)

  • chemically equivalent

    In NMR spectroscopy, protons (or carbon atoms) that occupy identical electronic environments and produce only one signal.

  • Clemmensen reduction

    A reaction in which a carbonyl group is completely reduced and replaced with two hydrogen atoms.

  • combustion reaction

    A chemical reaction that proceeds with evolution of heat and usually also a flame; most combustion involves reaction with oxygen, as in the burning of a match. (Section 3.2)

  • conjugate base

    A substance formed by the loss of a proton from a Brønsted–Lowry acid. (Section 16.2)

  • coplanar

    Atoms that lie in the same plane.

  • Dehydration

    Elimination of water.

  • Dextrorotatory

    Refers to a substance that rotates the plane of polarized light to the right

  • Diamagnetic current in NMR

    The circulation of electron density in a molecule in an applied magnetic fi eld.

  • Diol

    A compound containing two hydroxyl groups

  • electron spin

    A property of the electron that makes it behave as though it were a tiny magnet. The electron behaves as if it were spinning on its axis; electron spin is quantized. (Section 6.7)

  • electrospray ionization (ESI):

    In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique in which the compound is first dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed via a high-voltage needle into a vacuum chamber. The tiny droplets of solution become charged by the needle, and subsequent evaporation forms gas-phase molecular ions that typically carry one or more charges.

  • hydrogen abstraction

    In radical reactions, a type of arrow-pushing pattern in which a hydrogen atom is abstracted by a radical, generating a new radical.

  • Low-resolution mass spectrometry

    Instrumentation that is capable of separating only ions that differ in mass by 1 or more amu.

  • Markovnikov addition

    In additionreactions, the observation that the hydrogen atomis generally placed at the vinylic position alreadybearing the larger number of hydrogen atoms.

  • polyatomic ion

    An electrically charged group of two or more atoms. (Section 2.7)

  • rem

    A measure of the biological damage caused by radiation; rems = rads * RBE. (Section 21.9)

  • sulfone

    A compound that contains a sulfur atom that has double bonds with two oxygen atoms and is flanked on both sides by R groups.

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