- 19.13.11: Name the following compounds: O CH2CH3 OH Cl Br Br C CH3 H
- 19.13.12: Draw a structure for each of the following compounds: a. para -tolu...
- 19.13.13: Draw the structure for each of the following: a. m -chloromethylben...
- 19.13.14: Correct the following incorrect names: a. 2,4,6-tribromobenzene b. ...
Solutions for Chapter 19.13: The Nomenclature of Disubstituted and Polysubstituted Benzenes
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
Solutions for Chapter 19.13: The Nomenclature of Disubstituted and Polysubstituted BenzenesGet Full Solutions
Compounds of carbon and hydrogen containing only carbon–carbon single bonds. (Sections 2.9 and 24.2)
Hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon triple bonds. They have the general formula CnH2n22, where n 5 2,3, . . . . (24.2)
Particles that are identical to helium-4 nuclei, consisting of two protons and two neutrons, symbol 4 2He or 4 2a. (Section 21.1)
At constant pressure and temperature, the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas present. (5.3)
An equilibrium property measured by the position of equilibrium in an acid-base reaction, as, for example, the acid-base reaction between ammonia and water.
The isotope of hydrogen whose nucleus contains a proton and a neutron: 2 1H. (Section 22.2)
A state of balance in which opposing processes occur at the same rate. (Section 11.5)
A thermodynamic function associated with the number of different equivalent energy states or spatial arrangements in which a system may be found. It is a thermodynamic state function, which means that once we specify the conditions for a system—that is, the temperature, pressure, and so on—the entropy is defined. (Section 19.2)
An electrophilic aromatic substitution in which a hydrogen of an aromatic ring is replaced by an alkyl or acyl group.
A conformation that exhibits a gauche interaction.
An acetal that is obtained by treating the cyclic hemiacetal form of a monosaccharide with an alcohol under acid-catalyzed conditions.
The ratio of the number of moles of one component of a mixture to the total moles of all components; abbreviated X, with a subscript to identify the component. (Section 10.6)
A reaction that occurs between substances in solution in which one of the products is insoluble. (Section 4.2)
Primary structure of nucleic acids
The sequence of bases along the pentose-phosphodiester backbone of a DNA or RNA molecule read from the 5’ end to the 3’ end
Polypeptide chains comprised of more than 40 or 50 amino acids.
One of the four arrow-pushing patterns for ionic reactions.
Secondary structure of nucleic acids
The ordered arrangement of nucleic acid strands
Matter that has both a definite shape and a definite volume. (Section 1.2)
For mechanisms, astep that involves only one chemical entity.
In IR spectroscopy, the energy of a photon is absorbed and temporarily stored as vibrational energy