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Solutions for Chapter 21.5: The Reactions of Monosaccharides in Basic Solutions

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition

ISBN: 9780321803221

Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition | ISBN: 9780321803221 | Authors: Paula Yurkanis Bruice

Solutions for Chapter 21.5: The Reactions of Monosaccharides in Basic Solutions

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Organic Chemistry, edition: 7. Since 3 problems in chapter 21.5: The Reactions of Monosaccharides in Basic Solutions have been answered, more than 35972 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Organic Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321803221. Chapter 21.5: The Reactions of Monosaccharides in Basic Solutions includes 3 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • actinide element

    Element in which the 5f orbitals are only partially occupied. (Section 6.8)

  • alpha decay

    A type of radioactive decay in which an atomic nucleus emits an alpha particle and thereby transforms (or “decays”) into an atom with a mass number 4 less and atomic number 2 less. (Section 21.1)

  • amino sugars

    Carbohydrate derivatives in which an OH group has been replaced with an amino group.

  • atomic mass.

    The mass of an atom in atomic mass units. (3.1)

  • atomic radius

    An estimate of the size of an atom. See bonding atomic radius. (Section 7.3)

  • cephalins

    Phosphoglycerides that contain ethanolamine.

  • critical pressure (Pc).

    The minimum pressure necessary to bring about liquefaction at the critical temperature. (11.8)

  • diazotization

    The process of forming a diazonium salt by treating a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.

  • formal charge

    A charge associated with any atom that does not exhibit the appropriate number of valence electrons.

  • glass transition temperature (Tg)

    The temperature at which noncrystalline polymers become very soft.

  • half-reaction

    An equation for either an oxidation or a reduction that explicitly shows the electrons involved, for example, Zn2 + 1aq2 + 2 e- ¡ Zn1s2. (Section 20.2)

  • hemiacetal

    A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) and an alkoxy group (OR) connected to the same carbon atom.

  • ionic solids

    Solids that are composed of ions. (Section 12.1)

  • metallic character

    The extent to which an element exhibits the physical and chemical properties characteristic of metals, for example, luster, malleability, ductility, and good thermal and electrical conductivity. (Section 7.6)

  • Molecular spectroscopy

    The study of which frequencies of radiation are absorbed or emitted by a particular substance and the correlation of these frequencies with details of molecular structure.

  • petroleum

    A naturally occurring combustible liquid composed of hundreds of hydrocarbons and other organic compounds. (Section 5.8)

  • Rate determining step

    The step in a multistep reaction sequence that crosses the highest energy barrier.

  • reduction

    A reaction in which a compound undergoes a decrease in oxidation state.

  • Thermolysis

    Cleavage by heating

  • zwitterion

    A net neutral compound that exhibits charge separation. Amino acids exist as zwitterions at physiological pH.

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