- 21.9.17: Aldohexoses A and B are formed from aldopentose C via a KilaniFisch...
- 21.9.18: Identify A, B, C, and D in the preceding problem if D is oxidized t...
Solutions for Chapter 21.9: THE STEREOCHEMISTRY OF GLUCOSE: THE FISCHER PROOF
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 7th Edition
A type of secondary structure in which a section of polypeptide chain coils into a spiral, most commonly a right-handed spiral.
Refers to the capacity of a substance to either add or lose a proton 1H+2. (Section 16.2)
The potential energy between two ions is directly proportional to the product of their charges and inversely proportional to the distance between them. (9.3)
A system to specify the confi guration of groups about a carbon-carbon double bond
Hydrogens that have the same chemical environment
A compound with the structure R!O!R.
When treated with a strong base, a quaternary ammonium halide undergoes b-elimination by an E2 mechanism to give the less-substituted alkene as the major product
A twostep process that achieves an anti-Markovnikov addition of a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.
An ion or molecule that coordinates to a metal atom or to a metal ion to form a complex. (Section 23.2)
A measure of the amount of material in an object. It measures the resistance of an object to being moved. In SI units, mass is measured in kilograms. (Section 1.4)
A chemical formula that indicates the actual number of atoms of each element in one molecule of a substance. (Section 2.6)
A simple sugar, most commonly containing six carbon atoms. The joining together of monosaccharide units by condensation reactions results in formation of polysaccharides. (Section 24.8)
An industrial process used to make nitric acid from ammonia. The NH3 is catalytically oxidized by O2 to form NO; NO in air is oxidized to NO2; HNO3 is formed in a disproportionation reaction when NO2 dissolves in water. (Section 22.7)
A property that a substance possesses if it contains one or more unpaired electrons. A paramagnetic substance is drawn into a magnetic field. (Section 9.8)
Light oscillating in only parallel planes.
A nonprotein unit attached to a protein, such as heme in hemoglobin.
A unimolecular nucleophilic substitution reaction.
Reactions in which one group is replaced by another group.
A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is three
High-molecular-weight esters that are constructed from carboxylic acids and alcohols.