Solutions for Chapter 2: Chemistry: Atoms First 1st Edition

Chemistry: Atoms First | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780073511160 | Authors: Julia Burdge,

Full solutions for Chemistry: Atoms First | 1st Edition

ISBN: 9780073511160

Chemistry: Atoms First | 1st Edition | ISBN: 9780073511160 | Authors: Julia Burdge,

Solutions for Chapter 2

Solutions for Chapter 2
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Textbook: Chemistry: Atoms First
Edition: 1st
Author: Julia Burdge,
ISBN: 9780073511160

Since 75 problems in chapter 2 have been answered, more than 32507 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 2 includes 75 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: Atoms First , edition: 1st. Chemistry: Atoms First was written by Sieva Kozinsky and is associated to the ISBN: 9780073511160.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • amorphous solid.

    A solid that lacks a regular three-dimensional arrangement of atoms or molecules. (11.7)

  • Bimolecular reaction

    A reaction in which two species are involved in the rate-determining step.

  • Boat conformation

    A nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring in which carbons 1 and 4 of the ring are bent toward each other

  • critical mass

    The amount of fissionable material necessary to maintain a nuclear chain reaction. (Section 21.7)

  • crystalline solid (crystal)

    A solid whose internal arrangement of atoms, molecules, or ions possesses a regularly repeating pattern in any direction through the solid. (Section 12.2)

  • deposition.

    The process in which the molecules go directly from the vapor into the solid phase. (11.8)

  • Disaccharide

    A carbohydrate containing two monosaccharide units joined by a glycosidic bond.

  • disulfide bridge

    The group that is formed when two cysteine residues of a polypeptide or protein are joined together.

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • exergonic

    Any process with a negative DG.

  • exothermic

    Any process with a negative DH (the system gives energy to the surroundings).

  • ketone

    A compound in which the carbonyl group 1C “O2 occurs at the interior of a carbon chain and is therefore flanked by carbon atoms. (Section 24.4)

  • Markovnikov’s rule

    In the addition of HX, H2O, or ROH to an alkene, hydrogen adds to the carbon of the double bond having the greater number of hydrogens.

  • ortho-para director

    A group that directs the regiochemistry of an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction such that the incoming electrophile is installed at the ortho or para positions.

  • Radical

    Any chemical species that contains one or more unpaired electrons.

  • radical inhibitor

    A compound that prevents a radical chain process from either getting started or continuing.

  • retro-aldol reaction

    The reverse of an aldol reaction. A b-hydroxyketone or aldehyde is converted into two ketones or aldehydes.

  • rotational motion

    Movement of a molecule as though it is spinning like a top. (Section 19.3)

  • Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation

    A reaction that converts an alkene into an epoxide via a stereospecific pathway.

  • tosylate

    An excellent leaving group (OTs). transition state (Sect. 6.6): A state through which a reaction passes. On an energy diagram, a transition state corresponds with a local maximum.

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