- 2.8SE.1PE: Predicting Ionic ChargePredict the charge expected for the most sta...
- 2.8SE.2PE: Predicting Ionic ChargePredict the charge expected for the most sta...
Solutions for Chapter 2.8SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A peroxide for which each oxygen atom is connected to an acyl group. Acyl peroxides are often used as radical initiators, because the O!O bond is especially weak.
A reaction in which two atoms or groups of atoms react with a double bond, forming a compound with the two new groups bonded to the carbons of the original double bond.
A polyaromatic amide; a polymer in which the monomer units are an aromatic diamine and an aromatic dicarboxylic acid
The addition of H2 across only one face of a p bond.
The angles made by the lines joining the nuclei of the atoms in a molecule. (Section 9.1)
A unit of energy; it is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 g of water by 1 °C from 14.5 °C to 15.5 °C. A related unit is the joule: 1 cal = 4.184 J. (Section 5.1)
Center of symmetry
A point so situated that identical components of an object are located on opposite sides and equidistant from that point along any axis passing through it.
A model of reaction rates based on the idea that molecules must collide to react; it explains the factors influencing reaction rates in terms of the frequency of collisions, the number of collisions with energies exceeding the activation energy, and the probability that the collisions occur with suitable orientations. (Section 14.5)
Tables of data on absorption patterns of functional groups.
Compounds containing only covalent bonds. (9.4)
A mode of radioactive decay in which an inner-shell orbital electron is captured by the nucleus. (Section 21.1)
Strands of a polymer that are generated when the polymer is heated, forced through small holes, and then cooled.
A carbanion with the structure RMgX.
heterolytic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of ions.
A polymer constructed from a single type of monomer.
Materials that do not conduct electricity. (Section 12.7)
An instrument used to measure the precise masses and relative amounts of atomic and molecular ions. (Section 2.4)
Reaction coordinate diagram
A graph showing the energy changes that occur during a chemical reaction; energy is plotted on the vertical axis and reaction progress is plotted on the horizontal axis.
Isomers that have the same molecular formula and the same connectivity of their atoms but a different orientation of their atoms in space
Groups that strongy deactivate an aromatic ring toward electrophilic aromatic substitution, thereby significantly decreasing the rate of the reaction.
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