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Solutions for Chapter 3.10SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A compound containing an !OH (hydroxyl) group bonded to a carbon atom
The product formed when the !CHO group of an aldose is oxidized to a !COOH group
Carbohydrates that differ in confi guration only at their anomeric carbons.
A crystal lattice in which the lattice points are located at the center and corners of each unit cell. (Section 12.2)
A unit of energy; it is the amount of energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 g of water by 1 °C from 14.5 °C to 15.5 °C. A related unit is the joule: 1 cal = 4.184 J. (Section 5.1)
Acids that contain the carboxyl group —COOH. (24.4)
degree of substitution
For alkenes, a classification method that refers to the number of alkyl groups connected to the double bond.
Removal of !H and !X from adjacent carbons; a type of b-elimination
A state of balance in which opposing processes occur at the same rate. (Section 11.5)
A five-membered cyclic hemiacetal form of a carbohydrate.
Matter that has no fixed volume or shape; it conforms to the volume and shape of its container. (Section 1.2)
A reaction which involves the addition of a halogen and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.
A substance that exhibits one or more partially ordered liquid phases above the melting point of the solid form. By contrast, in nonliquid crystalline substances the liquid phase that forms upon melting is completely unordered. (Section 11.7)
A compound with the structure R2N!NRO.
A rule stating that bonded atoms tend to possess or share a total of eight valence-shell electrons. (Section 8.1)
A form of isomerism in which the two forms of a compound (stereoisomers) are nonsuperimposable mirror images. (Section 23.4)
On an aromatic ring, the C2 position.
A phosphoric monoester, which is the simplest kind of phosphoglyceride.
For mechanisms, a step that involves three chemical entities.
Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).