- 3.9SE.1PE: Calculating Molar MassWhat is the molar mass of glucose, C6H12O6?A ...
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Solutions for Chapter 3.9SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
The conjugate base of acetylene or any terminal alkyne.
A reaction that achieves the addition of water across a double bond in the presence of an acid catalyst.
An acid that is not a proton donor; an acid that is an electron pair acceptor in a Lewis acid-base reaction.
A galvanic cell, or a series of combined galvanic cells, that can be used as a source of direct electric current at a constant voltage. (18.6)
A step in a chain reaction characterized by the reaction of a reactive intermediate and a molecule to give a new reactive intermediate and a new molecule.
The most stable nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring; all bond angles are approximately 109.5°, and all bonds on adjacent carbons are staggered.
An expression showing the chemical composition of a compound in terms of the symbols for the atoms of the elements involved. (2.6)
concentration of a solution.
The amount of solute present in a given quantity of solvent or solution. (4.5)
A chemical formula that shows the kinds of atoms and their relative numbers in a substance in the smallest possible whole-number ratios. (Section 2.6)
Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.
A diagram that shows the energies of molecular orbitals relative to the atomic orbitals from which they are derived. Also called a molecular-orbital diagram. (Section 9.7)
A compound with the structure R2CRN!NH2.
A twostep process that achieves an anti-Markovnikov addition of a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.
A reaction that involves the addition of H and X (either Br or Cl) across an alkene.
lanthanide (rare earth) element
Element in which the 4f subshell is only partially occupied. (Sections 6.8 and 6.9)
A polymer that isformed via anionic polymerization.
A cyclic ether containing a three-membered ring system. Also called an epoxide.
Pauli exclusion principle
The rule that states that an atomic orbital or molecular orbital can accommodate a maximum of two electrons with opposite spin.
A region of space around a nucleus that can be occupied by electrons, corresponding to a principal quantum number
A signal of an NMR spectrum that is shifted toward the right (smaller chemical shift) on the chart paper.