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Solutions for Chapter 3.9SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Solutions for Chapter 3.9SE

Solutions for Chapter 3.9SE
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Since 2 problems in chapter 3.9SE have been answered, more than 261335 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. Chapter 3.9SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acetylide ion

    The conjugate base of acetylene or any terminal alkyne.

  • acid-catalyzed hydration

    A reaction that achieves the addition of water across a double bond in the presence of an acid catalyst.

  • Aprotic acid

    An acid that is not a proton donor; an acid that is an electron pair acceptor in a Lewis acid-base reaction.

  • battery.

    A galvanic cell, or a series of combined galvanic cells, that can be used as a source of direct electric current at a constant voltage. (18.6)

  • Chain propagation

    A step in a chain reaction characterized by the reaction of a reactive intermediate and a molecule to give a new reactive intermediate and a new molecule.

  • Chair conformation

    The most stable nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring; all bond angles are approximately 109.5°, and all bonds on adjacent carbons are staggered.

  • chemical formula.

    An expression showing the chemical composition of a compound in terms of the symbols for the atoms of the elements involved. (2.6)

  • concentration of a solution.

    The amount of solute present in a given quantity of solvent or solution. (4.5)

  • empirical formula

    A chemical formula that shows the kinds of atoms and their relative numbers in a substance in the smallest possible whole-number ratios. (Section 2.6)

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • energy-level diagram

    A diagram that shows the energies of molecular orbitals relative to the atomic orbitals from which they are derived. Also called a molecular-orbital diagram. (Section 9.7)

  • hydrazone

    A compound with the structure R2CRN!NH2.

  • hydroboration-oxidation

    A twostep process that achieves an anti-Markovnikov addition of a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.

  • hydrohalogenation

    A reaction that involves the addition of H and X (either Br or Cl) across an alkene.

  • lanthanide (rare earth) element

    Element in which the 4f subshell is only partially occupied. (Sections 6.8 and 6.9)

  • living polymer

    A polymer that isformed via anionic polymerization.

  • oxirane

    A cyclic ether containing a three-membered ring system. Also called an epoxide.

  • Pauli exclusion principle

    The rule that states that an atomic orbital or molecular orbital can accommodate a maximum of two electrons with opposite spin.

  • Shell

    A region of space around a nucleus that can be occupied by electrons, corresponding to a principal quantum number

  • Upfield

    A signal of an NMR spectrum that is shifted toward the right (smaller chemical shift) on the chart paper.

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