- 4.4SE.1PE: Write the net ionic equation for the precipitation reaction that oc...
- 4.4SE.2PE: Writing a Net Ionic EquationWrite the net ionic equation for the pr...
Solutions for Chapter 4.4SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
acid-dissociation constant (Ka)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which an acid transfers a proton to solvent water. (Section 16.6)
A compound containing a !CHO group
The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is oxidized.
A substance that forms complex ions with metal ions in solution. (23.3)
A state in which the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are equal. (14.1)
A reaction in which two reactants add together in a single step to form a cyclic product. The best known of these is the Diels-Alder reaction
directed aldol addition
A techniquefor performing a crossed aldol addition thatproduces one major product.
electron impact ionization (EI)
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique that involves bombarding a compoundwith high-energy electrons.
Gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit infrared radiation (radiant heat), “trapping” heat in the atmosphere. (Section 18.2)
For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)
A spherical arrangement of organic molecules in water solution clustered so that their hydrophobic parts are buried inside the sphere and their hydrophilic parts are on the surface of the sphere and in contact with water
oxidation–reduction (redox) reaction
A chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of certain atoms change. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)
Refers to groups occupying l,4-positions on a benzene ring
A polymer that can be molded when hot and retains its shape when cooled
A large molecule of high molecular mass, formed by the joining together, or polymerization, of a large number of molecules of low molecular mass. The individual molecules forming the polymer are called monomers. (Sections 12.1 and 12.8)
A substance capable of dissociating more than one proton in water; H2SO4 is an example. (Section 16.6)
A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).
Secondary structure of nucleic acids
The ordered arrangement of nucleic acid strands
A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is three
Exchange of the !OR or !OAr group of an ester for another !OR or !OAr group.