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Solutions for Chapter 4.4SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Solutions for Chapter 4.4SE

Solutions for Chapter 4.4SE
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This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. Since 2 problems in chapter 4.4SE have been answered, more than 246964 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chapter 4.4SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • acid-dissociation constant (Ka)

    An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which an acid transfers a proton to solvent water. (Section 16.6)

  • Aldehyde

    A compound containing a !CHO group

  • aldonic acid

    The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is oxidized.

  • chelating agent.

    A substance that forms complex ions with metal ions in solution. (23.3)

  • chemical equilibrium.

    A state in which the rates of the forward and reverse reactions are equal. (14.1)

  • Cycloaddition reaction

    A reaction in which two reactants add together in a single step to form a cyclic product. The best known of these is the Diels-Alder reaction

  • directed aldol addition

    A techniquefor performing a crossed aldol addition thatproduces one major product.

  • electron impact ionization (EI)

    In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique that involves bombarding a compoundwith high-energy electrons.

  • greenhouse gases

    Gases in an atmosphere that absorb and emit infrared radiation (radiant heat), “trapping” heat in the atmosphere. (Section 18.2)

  • ion-product constant

    For water, Kw is the product of the aquated hydrogen ion and hydroxide ion concentrations: 3H+43OH-4 = Kw = 1.0 * 10-14 at 25 °C. (Section 16.3)

  • Micelle

    A spherical arrangement of organic molecules in water solution clustered so that their hydrophobic parts are buried inside the sphere and their hydrophilic parts are on the surface of the sphere and in contact with water

  • oxidation–reduction (redox) reaction

    A chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of certain atoms change. (Section 4.4; Chapter 20: Introduction)

  • Para (p)

    Refers to groups occupying l,4-positions on a benzene ring

  • Plastic

    A polymer that can be molded when hot and retains its shape when cooled

  • polymer

    A large molecule of high molecular mass, formed by the joining together, or polymerization, of a large number of molecules of low molecular mass. The individual molecules forming the polymer are called monomers. (Sections 12.1 and 12.8)

  • polyprotic acid

    A substance capable of dissociating more than one proton in water; H2SO4 is an example. (Section 16.6)

  • s-cis

    A conformation of a conjugated diene in which the disposition of the two p bonds with regard to the connecting single bond is cis-like (a dihedral angle of 0°).

  • Secondary structure of nucleic acids

    The ordered arrangement of nucleic acid strands

  • third order

    A reaction that has a rate equation in which the sum of all exponents is three

  • Transesterifi cation

    Exchange of the !OR or !OAr group of an ester for another !OR or !OAr group.

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