Solutions for Chapter 4.5SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown

Solutions for Chapter 4.5SE

Solutions for Chapter 4.5SE
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Since 2 problems in chapter 4.5SE have been answered, more than 146012 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Chapter 4.5SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • aliphatic hydrocarbons.

    Hydrocarbons that do not contain the benzene group or the benzene ring. (24.1)

  • alkene

    A compound that possesses a carbon-carbon double bond.

  • amino acid residue

    The individual repeating units in a polypeptide chain or protein.

  • anti conformation

    A conformation in which the dihedral angle between two groups is 180°.

  • chemical properties

    Properties that describe a substance’s composition and its reactivity; how the substance reacts or changes into other substances. (Section 1.3)

  • chemically equivalent

    In NMR spectroscopy, protons (or carbon atoms) that occupy identical electronic environments and produce only one signal.

  • Covalent bond

    A chemical bond formed between two atoms by sharing one or more pairs of electrons.

  • crystalline solid.

    A solid that possesses rigid and long-range order; its atoms, molecules, or ions occupy specific positions. (11.4)

  • cubic close packing

    A crystal structure where the atoms are packed together as close as possible, and the close-packed layers of atoms adopt a three-layer repeating pattern that leads to a face-centered cubic unit cell. (Section 12.3)

  • electrocyclic reaction

    A pericyclic process in which a conjugated polyene undergoes cyclization. In the process, one p bond is converted into a s bond, while the remaining p bonds all change their location. The newly formed s bond joins the ends of the original p system,thereby creating a ring.

  • Ground state

    The lowest energy state of a system.

  • Henderson-Hasselbalch equation

    An equation that is often employed to calculate the pH of buffered solutions: pH = pKa + log 3conjugated base4 3acid4

  • IUPAC

    The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry

  • migratory aptitude

    In a BaeyerVilliger oxidation, the migration rates of different groups, which determine the regiochemical outcome of the reaction.

  • organohalide

    An organic compound containing at least one halogen.

  • Oxidative addition

    Addition of a reagent to a metal center causing it to add two substituents and to increase its oxidation state by two

  • primary

    A term used to indicate that exactly one alkyl group is attached directly to a particular position. For example, a primary carbocation has one alkyl group (not more) attached directly to the electrophilic carbon atom (C+).

  • radical

    A chemical entity with an unpaired electron.

  • Raoult’s law

    A law stating that the partial pressure of a solvent over a solution, Psolution, is given by the vapor pressure of the pure solvent, P° solvent, times the mole fraction of a solvent in the solution, Xsolvent: Psolution = XsolventP° solvent. (Section 13.5)

  • significant figures

    The digits that indicate the precision with which a measurement is made; all digits of a measured quantity are significant, including the last digit, which is uncertain. (Section 1.5)

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