- 4.8SE.1PE: Determining Oxidation NumbersDetermine the oxidation number of sulf...
- 4.8SE.2PE: Determining Oxidation NumbersDetermine the oxidation number of sulf...
Solutions for Chapter 4.8SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
activated complex (transition state)
The particular arrangement of atoms found at the top of the potential-energy barrier as a reaction proceeds from reactants to products. (Section 14.5)
A !CH2CH"CH2 group.
Carbohydrates that differ in confi guration only at their anomeric carbons.
beta (b) anomer
The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose, in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is cis to the CH2OH group.
The experimental measurement of heat produced in chemical and physical processes. (Section 5.5)
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (Chapter 14: Introduction)
A compound containing a Cl group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.
A situation in which two multiple bonds are separated by a single bond. Alternatively, a series of overlapping 2p orbitals. 1,3-butadiene, for example, is a conjugated diene, and 3-butene-2-one is a conjugated enone
A bond formed between two or more atoms by a sharing of electrons. (Section 8.1)
For a substitutedaromatic ring, the effect of an electronwithdrawingsubstituent that decreases therate of electrophilic aromatic substitution.
A molecule with one end having a partial negative charge and the other end having a partial positive charge; a polar molecule. (Section 8.4)
A measure of the separation and magnitude of the positive and negative charges in polar molecules. (Section 8.4)
A compound containing an oxygen atom bonded to two carbon atoms.
Coal, oil, and natural gas, which are presently our major sources of energy. (Section 5.8)
law of constant composition
A law that states that the elemental composition of a pure compound is always the same, regardless of its source; also called the law of definite proportions. (Section 1.2)
The term used to describe the wave characteristics of a moving particle. (Section 6.4)
nucleophilic aromatic substitution
A substitution reaction in which an aromatic ring is attacked by a nucleophile, which replaces a leaving group.
Elimination of two substituents at a metal center, causing the oxidation state of the metal to decrease by two.
Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation
A reaction that converts an alkene into an epoxide via a stereospecific pathway.
A carbocation in which the positive charge resides on a vinylic carbon atom. This type of carbocation is very unstable and will not readily form in most cases.