- 5.1SE.1PE: Describing and Calculating Energy ChangesA bowler lifts a 5.4-kg (1...
- 5.1SE.2PE: Describing and Calculating Energy ChangesA bowler lifts a 5.4-kg (1...
Solutions for Chapter 5.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
acid ionization constant (Ka).
The equilibrium constant for the acid ionization. (15.5)
A format for naming primary amines containing a complex alkyl group.
Hydrocarbons that contain one or more carbon-carbon double bonds. They have the general formula CnH2n, where n 5 2,3, . . . . (24.2)
A reaction in which a ketone is treated with a peroxy acid and is converted into an ester via the insertion of an oxygen atom.
A type of geometry resulting from an sp3-hybridized atom that has two lone pairs. For example, the oxygen atom in H2O.
The temperature at which the vapor pressure of a liquid is equal to the external atmospheric pressure. (11.8)
A step in a chain reaction characterized by the formation of reactive intermediates (radicals, anions, or cations) from nonradical or noncharged molecules
The production of chlorine gas by the electrolysis of aqueous NaCl solution. (22.6)
The metal ion and its surrounding ligands. (Section 23.2)
elimination (of radicals)
In radical reaction mechanisms, a step in which a bond forms between the alpha (a) and beta (b) positions. As a result, a single bond at the b position is cleaved, causing the compound to fragment into two pieces.
A carbohydrate in which the !OH on its anomeric carbon is replaced by !OR
A carbanion with the structure RMgX.
Compounds that contain only carbon, fluorine, and hydrogen (no chlorine).
A functional group in which two acyl groups, RCO! or ArCO!, are bonded to a nitrogen atom
Electrically charged atom or group of atoms (polyatomic ion); ions can be positively or negatively charged, depending on whether electrons are lost (positive) or gained (negative) by the atoms. (Section 2.7)
Isoelectric point (pI)
The pH at which an amino acid, polypeptide, or protein has no net charge
A set of assumptions about the nature of gases. These assumptions, when translated into mathematical form, yield the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.7)
Thedetermining factor by which ions are separatedfrom each other in mass spectrometry.
The extent to which plane-polarized light is rotated by a solution of a chiral compound.
The specifi c rotation of a mixture of enantiomers divided by the specifi c rotation of the enantiomerically pure substance (expressed as a percent). Optical purity is numerically equal to enantiomeric excess, but experimentally determined.
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