- 5.1SE.1PE: Describing and Calculating Energy ChangesA bowler lifts a 5.4-kg (1...
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Solutions for Chapter 5.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A reaction in which two alkenes interchange the carbons attached to their double bonds.
One-half the distance between the two nuclei in two adjacent atoms of the same element in a metal. For elements that exist as diatomic units, the atomic radius is one-half the distance between the nuclei of the two atoms in a particular molecule. (8.3)
At constant pressure and temperature, the volume of a gas is directly proportional to the number of moles of the gas present. (5.3)
A liquid mixture of constant composition with a boiling point that is different from that of any of its components.
A group that can be readily installed and uninstalled. Used for regiochemical control during synthesis.
A reaction in which a carbonyl group is completely reduced and replaced with two hydrogen atoms.
A type of secondary structure of DNA molecules in which two anti parallel polynucleotide strands are coiled in a right-handed manner about the same axis
The lowest energy state of a system.
A series of atoms, ions, or molecules having the same number of electrons. (Section 7.3)
A term that refers to the rate of a reaction.
In NMR spectroscopy, if n is the number of neighboring protons, then the multiplicity will be n+1.
A reagent used for allylic bromination to avoid a competing reaction in which bromine adds across the p bond.
A reaction that involves the participation of ions as reactants, intermediates, or products.
An electrically charged group of two or more atoms. (Section 2.7)
A measure of the force exerted on a unit area. In chemistry, pressure is often expressed in units of atmospheres (atm) or torr: 760 torr = 1 atm; in SI units pressure is expressed in pascals (Pa). (Section 10.2)
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with three p orbitals to form four hybridized atomic orbitals.
Lipids that are based on a tetracyclic ring system involving three six-membered rings and one five-membered ring. Cholesterol is an example.
three-center, two-electron bonds
A bond in which two electrons are associated with three atoms, such as in diborane (B2H6).
Transfer RNA (tRNA
A ribonucleic acid that carries a specifi c amino acid to the site of protein synthesis on ribosomes
In IR spectroscopy, the energy of a photon is absorbed and temporarily stored as vibrational energy