- 6.8SE.1PE: Electron Configurations for a GroupWhat is the characteristic valen...
- 6.8SE.2PE: Electron Configurations for a GroupWhat is the characteristic valen...
Solutions for Chapter 6.8SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A radical reaction that achieves installation of a bromine atom at an allylic position.
The increase in energy associated with a bond angle that has deviated from the preferred angle of 109.5°.
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of approximately 180°.
A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide
beta (b) anomer
The cyclic hemiacetal of an aldose, in which the hydroxyl group at the anomeric position is cis to the CH2OH group.
A reaction in which benzene is reduced to give 1,4-cyclohexadiene.
Properties of solutions that depend on the number of solute particles in solution and not on the nature of the solute particles. (12.6)
The 3D spatial orientation of the groups connected to a chirality center (R or S ) or of the groups in a stereoisiomeric alkene (E or Z).
The minimum mass of fissionable material required to generate a self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction. (19.5)
The pressure at which a gas at its critical temperature is converted to a liquid state. (Section 11.4)
An elimination reaction involving the loss of H and a halogen (such as Cl, Br, or I).
A compound containing a hydroxyl group (OH) connected directly to a carbon-carbon double bond.
Enthalpy change, DH
The difference in total bond strengths and solvation between various points under comparison on a reaction coordinate diagram
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on different-type ions point in opposite directions but do not fully cancel out. (Section 23.1)
The charge on an atom in a polyatomic ion or molecule
Heat of combustion (DH0 )
Standard heat of combustion is the heat released when one mole of a substance in its standard state (gas, liquid, solid) is oxidized completely to carbon dioxide and water.
Points in a crystal all of which have identical environments. (Section 12.2)
The sum of the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of a particular atom. (Section 2.3)
A material that can be formed into particular shapes by application of heat and pressure. (Section 12.8)
Specifi c rotation
The observed rotation of the plane of polarized light when a sample is placed in a tube 1.0 dm in length and at a concentration of 1 g/mL for a solution. For a pure liquid, concentration is expressed in g/mL (density).