- 7.2SE.1PE: Predicting Relative Sizes of Atomic RadiiReferring to the periodic ...
- 7.2SE.2PE: Predicting Relative Sizes of Atomic RadiiReferring to the periodic ...
Solutions for Chapter 7.2SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
activated complex (transition state)
The particular arrangement of atoms found at the top of the potential-energy barrier as a reaction proceeds from reactants to products. (Section 14.5)
A group that is formed by removing a hydrogen atom from an alkane. (Section 25.3)
The electronic structure of a solid, defining the allowed ranges of energy for electrons in a solid. (Section 12.7)
The peak caused by the most abundant ion in a mass spectrum; the most intense peak. It is assigned an arbitrary intensity of 100
bonding molecular orbital
A molecular orbital in which the electron density is concentrated in the internuclear region. The energy of a bonding molecular orbital is lower than the energy of the separate atomic orbitals from which it forms. (Section 9.7)
A compound inwhich two carbon-carbon p bonds are separated from each other by exactly one s bond.
An imaginary network of points on which the repeating motif of a solid may be imagined to be laid down so that the structure of the crystal is obtained. The motif may be a single atom or a group of atoms. Each lattice point represents an identical environment in the crystal. (Section 12.2)
A compound containing two hydroxyl groups (OH).
A method for analyzing the sequence of amino acids in apeptide by removing one amino acid residue at a time and identifying each residue as it is removed.
An unsaturated compound derived by the reaction of an aldehyde or ketone and a secondary amine followed by loss of H2O; R2C"CR!NR2
A process by which the chain of a carbohydrate is lengthened by one carbon atom.
nucleophilic acyl substitution
A reaction in which a nucleophile attacks a carboxylic acid derivative.
The product formed when a nucleoside is coupled to a phosphate group
A property that a substance possesses if it contains one or more unpaired electrons. A paramagnetic substance is drawn into a magnetic field. (Section 9.8)
The conversion of a substance from one state of matter to another. The phase changes we consider are melting and freezing 1solid ? liquid2, sublimation and deposition, and vaporization and condensation 1liquid ? gas2. (Section 11.4)
A nonprotein unit attached to a protein, such as heme in hemoglobin.
A compound with a weak bond that undergoes homolytic bond cleavage with great ease, producing radicals that can initiate a radical chain process.
renewable energy sources
Energy such as solar energy, wind energy, and hydroelectric energy derived from essentially inexhaustible sources. (Section 5.8)
In NMR spectroscopy,protons or carbon atoms whose surrounding electron density is rich.
Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with two p orbitals to form three hybridized atomic orbitals.