- 7.3SE.1PE: Predicting Relative Sizes of Atomic and Ionic RadiiArrange Mg2+, Ca...
- 7.3SE.2PE: Predicting Relative Sizes of Atomic and Ionic RadiiArrange Mg2+ , C...
Solutions for Chapter 7.3SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
The difference in Gibbs free energy between reactants and a transition state
Hydrocarbons containing one or more carbon–carbon double bonds. (Section 24.2)
A type of radioactive decay in which an atomic nucleus emits an alpha particle and thereby transforms (or “decays”) into an atom with a mass number 4 less and atomic number 2 less. (Section 21.1)
A region of a polymer in which nearby chains are not linearly extended and are not parallel to one another.
In a Lewis structure a pair of electrons that is shared by two atoms. (Section 9.2)
Atoms or groups on an atom that are bonded to an atom that is bonded to two nonidentical groups, one of which contains a chiral center. When one of the atoms or groups is replaced by another group, a new chiral center is created and a set of diastereomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of 2-butanol, for example, are diastereotopic. Diastereotopic groups have different chemical shifts under all conditions
A chemical formula that shows the kinds of atoms and their relative numbers in a substance in the smallest possible whole-number ratios. (Section 2.6)
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins on different-type ions point in opposite directions but do not fully cancel out. (Section 23.1)
An atom or group of atoms within a molecule that shows a characteristic set of physical and chemical properties
A compound containing two hydroxyl groups (OH) connected to the same carbon atom.
Lewis symbol (electron-dot symbol)
The chemical symbol for an element, with a dot for each valence electron. (Section 8.1)
A lipid containing glycerol esterifi ed with two molecules of fatty acid and one molecule of phosphoric acid.
A compound that absorbs light and transfers the energy to another molecule.
The slowest elementary step in a reaction mechanism. (Section 14.6)
A series of intermediates and curved arrows that show howthe reaction occurs in terms of the motion of electrons.
The power to which the concentration of a reactant is raised in a rate law. (Section 14.3)
renewable energy sources
Energy such as solar energy, wind energy, and hydroelectric energy derived from essentially inexhaustible sources. (Section 5.8)
A concise verbal statement or a mathematical equation that summarizes a wide range of observations and experiences. (Section 1.3)
An interaction in which nuclear spins of adjacent atoms infl uence each other and lead to the spitting of NMR signals.
The geometry of an atom with four bonds separated from each other by 109.5°.