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Solutions for Chapter 7.6SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Solutions for Chapter 7.6SE

Solutions for Chapter 7.6SE
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Since 2 problems in chapter 7.6SE have been answered, more than 263301 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. Chapter 7.6SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • alpha decay

    A type of radioactive decay in which an atomic nucleus emits an alpha particle and thereby transforms (or “decays”) into an atom with a mass number 4 less and atomic number 2 less. (Section 21.1)

  • annulenes

    Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is [6]annulene.

  • Boat conformation

    A nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring in which carbons 1 and 4 of the ring are bent toward each other

  • bond order.

    The difference between the numbers of electrons in bonding molecular orbitals and antibonding molecular orbitals, divided by two. (10.7)

  • Chain propagation

    A step in a chain reaction characterized by the reaction of a reactive intermediate and a molecule to give a new reactive intermediate and a new molecule.

  • critical pressure (Pc).

    The minimum pressure necessary to bring about liquefaction at the critical temperature. (11.8)

  • crossed Claisen condensation

    A Claisen condensation reaction that occurs between different partners.

  • Enantiotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.

  • First ionization potential

    The energy needed to remove the most loosely held electron from an atom or molecule.

  • Fishhook arrow

    A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.

  • High-resolution mass spectrometry

    Instrumentation that is capable of separating ions that differ in mass by as little as 0.0001 amu

  • Hückel’s rule

    The requirement for an odd number of p electron pairs in order for a compound to be aromatic.

  • lecithins

    Phosphoglycerides thatcontain choline.

  • osmosis

    The net movement of solvent through a semipermeable membrane toward the solution with greater solute concentration. (Section 13.5)

  • radical initiator

    A compound with a weak bond that undergoes homolytic bond cleavage with great ease, producing radicals that can initiate a radical chain process.

  • reactant

    A starting substance in a chemical reaction; it appears to the left of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)

  • Resolution

    Separation of a racemic mixture into its enantiomers; in mass spectrometry, a measure of how well a mass spectrometer separates ions of different mass.

  • resonance structures (resonance forms)

    Individual Lewis structures in cases where two or more Lewis structures are equally good descriptions of a single molecule. The resonance structures in such an instance are “averaged” to give a more accurate description of the real molecule. (Section 8.6)

  • staggered conformation

    A conformation in which nearby groups in a Newman projection have a dihedral angle of 60°.

  • thermosetting resins

    Highly crosslinked polymers that are generally very hard and insoluble.

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