- 7.6SE.1PE: Periodic Trends in Ionization EnergyReferring to the periodic table...
- 7.6SE.2PE: Periodic Trends in Ionization EnergyReferring to the periodic table...
Solutions for Chapter 7.6SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A type of radioactive decay in which an atomic nucleus emits an alpha particle and thereby transforms (or “decays”) into an atom with a mass number 4 less and atomic number 2 less. (Section 21.1)
Compounds consisting of a single ring containing a fully conjugated p system. Benzene is annulene.
A nonplanar conformation of a cyclohexane ring in which carbons 1 and 4 of the ring are bent toward each other
The difference between the numbers of electrons in bonding molecular orbitals and antibonding molecular orbitals, divided by two. (10.7)
A step in a chain reaction characterized by the reaction of a reactive intermediate and a molecule to give a new reactive intermediate and a new molecule.
critical pressure (Pc).
The minimum pressure necessary to bring about liquefaction at the critical temperature. (11.8)
crossed Claisen condensation
A Claisen condensation reaction that occurs between different partners.
Atoms or groups on an atom that give a chiral center when one of the groups is replaced by another group. A pair of enantiomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are enantiotopic. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol. Enantiotopic groups have identical chemical shifts in achiral environments but different chemical shifts in chiral environments.
First ionization potential
The energy needed to remove the most loosely held electron from an atom or molecule.
A barbed curved arrow used to show the change in position of a single electron.
High-resolution mass spectrometry
Instrumentation that is capable of separating ions that differ in mass by as little as 0.0001 amu
The requirement for an odd number of p electron pairs in order for a compound to be aromatic.
Phosphoglycerides thatcontain choline.
The net movement of solvent through a semipermeable membrane toward the solution with greater solute concentration. (Section 13.5)
A compound with a weak bond that undergoes homolytic bond cleavage with great ease, producing radicals that can initiate a radical chain process.
A starting substance in a chemical reaction; it appears to the left of the arrow in a chemical equation. (Section 3.1)
Separation of a racemic mixture into its enantiomers; in mass spectrometry, a measure of how well a mass spectrometer separates ions of different mass.
resonance structures (resonance forms)
Individual Lewis structures in cases where two or more Lewis structures are equally good descriptions of a single molecule. The resonance structures in such an instance are “averaged” to give a more accurate description of the real molecule. (Section 8.6)
A conformation in which nearby groups in a Newman projection have a dihedral angle of 60°.
Highly crosslinked polymers that are generally very hard and insoluble.