- 9.3SE.2PE: Predicting Bond AnglesEyedrops for dry eyes usually contain a water...
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Solutions for Chapter 9.3SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A reaction in which bonds are broken in the presence of an acid. For example, in the presence of a strong acid, an ether is converted into two alkyl halides.
Lacking a sugar
The Group 1A elements (Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, and Fr). (2.4)
Carbohydrate derivatives in which an OH group has been replaced with an amino group.
A substance capable of donating a proton. (4.3)
A triplet of nucleotides on mRNA that directs incorporation of a specifi c amino acid into a polypeptide sequence.
A theory that accounts for the colors and the magnetic and other properties of transition-metal complexes in terms of the splitting of the energies of metal ion d orbitals by the electrostatic interaction with the ligands. (Section 23.6)
A reaction in which the Gibbs free energy of the products is higher than that of the reactants. The position of equilibrium for an endergonic reaction favors starting materials
Any process with a positive DH (the system receives energy from the surroundings).
enthalpy of reaction
The enthalpy change associated with a chemical reaction. (Section 5.4)
The steric interaction that results when two groups in a Newman projection are separated by a dihedral angle of 60°.
A law stating that the rate of effusion of a gas is inversely proportional to the square root of its molecular weight. (Section 10.8)
A metal complex in which the electrons are paired in lower-energy orbitals. (Section 23.6)
metathesis (exchange) reaction
A reaction in which two substances react through an exchange of their component ions: AX + BY ¡ AY + BX. Precipitation and acid–base neutralization reactions are examples of metathesis reactions. (Section 4.2)
A drawing style that is designed to show the conformation of a molecule.
quaternary ammonium salt
An ionic compound containing a positively charged nitrogen atom connected to four alkyl groups.
resonance structures (resonance forms)
Individual Lewis structures in cases where two or more Lewis structures are equally good descriptions of a single molecule. The resonance structures in such an instance are “averaged” to give a more accurate description of the real molecule. (Section 8.6)
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of a particular phosphodiester bond within a DNA strand.
Valence Bond Theory
A model of bonding that places electron pairs between adjacent atoms to create bonds.
A carbocation in which the positive charge resides on a vinylic carbon atom. This type of carbocation is very unstable and will not readily form in most cases.
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