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Solutions for Chapter 9.4SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910417

Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910417 | Authors: Theodore E. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay; Bruce E. Bursten; Catherine Murphy; Patrick Woodward; Matthew E. Stoltzfus

Solutions for Chapter 9.4SE

Solutions for Chapter 9.4SE
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Since 2 problems in chapter 9.4SE have been answered, more than 206143 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Chemistry: The Central Science, edition: 13. Chapter 9.4SE includes 2 full step-by-step solutions. Chemistry: The Central Science was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910417.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • activation energy (Ea)

    The minimum energy needed for reaction; the height of the energy barrier to formation of products. (Section 14.5)

  • atomic orbital

    A three-dimensional plot of y2 of a wavefunction. It is a region of space that can accommodate electron density.

  • Avogadro’s number (NA).

    6.022 3 1023; the number of particles in a mole. (3.2)

  • chromophore

    In UV-Vis spectroscopy, the region of the molecule responsible for the absorption (the conjugated p system).

  • Diastereotopic groups

    Atoms or groups on an atom that are bonded to an atom that is bonded to two nonidentical groups, one of which contains a chiral center. When one of the atoms or groups is replaced by another group, a new chiral center is created and a set of diastereomers results. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of 2-butanol, for example, are diastereotopic. Diastereotopic groups have different chemical shifts under all conditions

  • E2

    A bimolecular b-elimination reaction.

  • enantiotopic

    Protons that are not interchangeable by rotational symmetry but are interchangeable by reflectional symmetry.

  • exo

    In Diels-Alder reactions that produce bicyclic structures, the positions that are anti to the larger bridge.

  • gas constant (R)

    The constant of proportionality in the ideal-gas equation. (Section 10.4)

  • ketone

    A compound in which the carbonyl group 1C “O2 occurs at the interior of a carbon chain and is therefore flanked by carbon atoms. (Section 24.4)

  • oxidizing agent, or oxidant

    The substance that is reduced and thereby causes the oxidation of some other substance in an oxidation–reduction reaction. (Section 20.1)

  • Oxonium ion

    An ion in which oxygen bears a positive charge.

  • partially condensed structures

    A drawing style in which the CH bonds are not drawn explicitly, but all other bonds are drawn.

  • Polarimeter

    An instrument for measuring the ability of a compound to rotate the plane of plane-polarized light.

  • Prochiral hydrogens

    Refers to two hydrogens bonded to a carbon atom. When a different atom replaces one or the other, the carbon becomes a chiral center. The hydrogens of the CH2 group of ethanol, for example, are prochiral. Replacing one of them by deuterium gives (R)-1-deuteroethanol; replacing the other gives (S)-1-deuteroethanol

  • radical inhibitor

    A compound that prevents a radical chain process from either getting started or continuing.

  • Schiff base

    An alternative name for an imine

  • sp3-hybridized orbitals

    Atomic orbitals that are achieved by mathematically averaging one s orbital with three p orbitals to form four hybridized atomic orbitals.

  • spectrum

    The distribution among various wavelengths of the radiant energy emitted or absorbed by an object. (Section 6.3)

  • thiols

    Compounds containing a mercapto group (SH).

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