- 14.10SE.1PE: Activation Energies and Speeds of ReactionConsider a series of reac...
- 14.10SE.2PE: Activation Energies and Speeds of ReactionConsider a series of reac...
Solutions for Chapter 14.10SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A reaction that achieves the addition of water across a double bond in the presence of an acid catalyst.
A resonance-stabilized cation with the structure [RC"O]1 or [ArC"O]1. The positive charge is delocalized over both the carbonyl carbon and the carbonyl oxygen.
alpha (a) amino acid
A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2), both of which are attached to the same carbon atom.
See alpha rays.
The vertical distance from the middle of a wave to the peak or trough. (7.1)
The hemiacetal or acetal carbon of the cyclic form of a carbohydrate
A conformation in which a hydrogen atom and a leaving group are separated by a dihedral angle of exactly 180°.
antibonding molecular orbital.
A molecular orbital that is of higher energy and lower stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)
The volume of a fixed amount of gas maintained at constant temperature is inversely proportional to the gas pressure. (5.3)
A compound containing a Br group and a hydroxyl group (OH) on adjacent carbon atoms.
conservation of orbital symmetry
During a reaction, the requirement that the phases of the frontier MOs must be aligned.
A force that becomes significant when polar molecules come in close contact with one another. The force is attractive when the positive end of one polar molecule approaches the negative end of another. (Section 11.2)
electrospray ionization (ESI):
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique in which the compound is first dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed via a high-voltage needle into a vacuum chamber. The tiny droplets of solution become charged by the needle, and subsequent evaporation forms gas-phase molecular ions that typically carry one or more charges.
Fourier transform NMR (FT-NMR)
The modern NMR method that is based on a constant magnetic fi eld, a short pulse of electromagnetic radiation, and a mathematical Fourier transform to produce the spectrum
An organic compound containing at least one halogen.
The combination of atomic orbitals of different types
Primary structure of proteins
The sequence of amino acids in the polypeptide chain, read from the N-terminal amino acid to the C-terminal amino acid.
The branch of science that studies the interaction of matter and radiation.
A solution containing equal amounts of both enantiomers.
For mechanisms, a step that involves three chemical entities.