- 16.4SE.1PE: Calculating [H+] for Pure WaterCalculate the values of [H+] and [OH...
- 16.4SE.2PE: Calculating [H+] for Pure WaterCalculate the values of [H+] and [OH...
Solutions for Chapter 16.4SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
Specific site on a heterogeneous catalyst or an enzyme where catalysis occurs. (Section 14.7)
The process whereby water spontaneously forms low concentrations of H+1aq2 and OH-1aq2 ions by proton transfer from one water molecule to another. (Section 16.3)
Air oxidation of materials such as unsaturated fatty acids.
An elimination reaction in which a proton from the beta (b) position is removed together with the leaving group, forming a double bond.
The area of chemistry concerned with the speeds, or rates, at which chemical reactions occur. (Chapter 14: Introduction)
A saturated hydrocarbon that contains carbons joined to form a ring
A system to specify the confi guration of groups about a carbon-carbon double bond
enthalpy of formation
The enthalpy change that accompanies the formation of a substance from the most stable forms of its component elements. (Section 5.7)
A cyclic ether containing a three-membered ring system. Also called an oxirane (also see Sect. 14.7).
For chair conformations of substituted cyclohexanes, a position that is approximately along the equator of the ring.
The quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a sample of matter by 1 °C (or 1 K). (Section 5.5)
heat of combustion
The heat given off during a reaction in which an alkane reacts with oxygen to produce CO2 and water.
A process that cannot be reversed to restore both the system and its surroundings to their original states. Any spontaneous process is irreversible. (Section 19.1)
A polymer with identical confi gurations (either all R or all S) at all chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, isotactic polypropylene
Elements in the s and p blocks of the periodic table. (Section 6.9)
the number of degrees through which a compound rotates the plane of polarized light
A solution containing just one enantiomer, but not its mirror image.
resonance structures (resonance forms)
Individual Lewis structures in cases where two or more Lewis structures are equally good descriptions of a single molecule. The resonance structures in such an instance are “averaged” to give a more accurate description of the real molecule. (Section 8.6)
The total of (single bonds + lone pairs) for an atom in a compound.
A polymer with alternating R and S confi gurations at the chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, syndiotactic polypropylene
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