- 16.1SE.1PE: Identifying Conjugate Acids and Bases(a) What is the conjugate base...
- 16.1SE.2PE: Identifying Conjugate Acids and Bases(a) What is the conjugate base...
Solutions for Chapter 16.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
The term describing a carbonyl group (CRO bond) connected to an alkyl group or aryl group.
The product obtained when the aldehyde group of an aldose is oxidized.
Any reaction in which an atom or group of atoms is substituted for another atom or group of atoms at an allylic carbon.
Male sex hormones.
A common non-SI unit of length, denoted Å, that is used to measure atomic dimensions: 1Å = 10-10 m. (Section 2.3)
The species formed when a base accepts a proton from an acid
A spectrum that contains radiation distributed over all wavelengths. (Section 6.3)
coordinate covalent bond.
A bond in which the pair of electrons is supplied by one of the two bonded atoms; also called a dative bond. (9.9)
The process of forming a diazonium salt by treating a primary amine with NaNO2 and HCl.
electrospray ionization (ESI):
In mass spectrometry, an ionization technique in which the compound is first dissolved in a solvent and then sprayed via a high-voltage needle into a vacuum chamber. The tiny droplets of solution become charged by the needle, and subsequent evaporation forms gas-phase molecular ions that typically carry one or more charges.
First ionization potential
The energy needed to remove the most loosely held electron from an atom or molecule.
high-resolution mass spectrometry
A technique that involves the use of a detector that can measure the m/z values to four decimal places.This technique allows for the determination of the molecular formula of an unknown compound.
When considering electrons in atomic orbitals, a rule that states that one electron is placed in each degenerate orbital first, before electrons are paired up.
A reaction that involves the addition of H and X (either Br or Cl) across an alkene.
The short-range attractive forces operating between the particles that make up the units of a liquid or solid substance. These same forces also cause gases to liquefy or solidify at low temperatures and high pressures. (Chapter 11: Introduction)
The equilibrium that is established between an enol and a ketone in either acid-catalyzed or basecatalyzed conditions.
A carbohydrate that cannot be hydrolyzed to a simpler carbohydrate.
The SI unit of pressure: 1 Pa = 1 N >m2 . (Section 10.2)
Esterlike derivatives of phosphoric acid.
Possessing radioactivity, the spontaneous disintegration of an unstable atomic nucleus with accompanying emission of radiation. (Section 2.2; Chapter 21: Introduction)