- 16.1SE.1PE: Identifying Conjugate Acids and Bases(a) What is the conjugate base...
- 16.1SE.2PE: Identifying Conjugate Acids and Bases(a) What is the conjugate base...
Solutions for Chapter 16.1SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
base-dissociation constant (Kb)
An equilibrium constant that expresses the extent to which a base reacts with solvent water, accepting a proton and forming OH-1aq2. (Section 16.7)
In IR spectroscopy, a type of vibration that generally produces a signal in the fingerprint region of an IR spectrum.
A substance that changes the speed of a chemical reaction without itself undergoing a permanent chemical change in the process. (Section 14.7)
Center of symmetry
A point so situated that identical components of an object are located on opposite sides and equidistant from that point along any axis passing through it.
conjugate acid–base pair
An acid and a base, such as H2O and OH-, that differ only in the presence or absence of a proton. (Section 16.2)
An intramolecular Claisen condensation.
A collection of orbitals that have the same value of n. For example, the orbitals with n = 3 (the 3s, 3p, and 3d orbitals) comprise the third shell. (Section 6.5)
The three- dimensional arrangement of the electron domains around an atom according to the VSEPR model. (Section 9.2)
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins align parallel to one another. (Section 23.1)
Coal, oil, and natural gas, which are presently our major sources of energy. (Section 5.8)
glass transition temperature (Tg)
The temperature at which noncrystalline polymers become very soft.
heat of vaporization
The enthalpy change, ?H, for vaporization of a liquid. (Section 11.4)
heterolytic bond cleavage
Bond breaking that results in the formation of ions.
The mixing of different types of atomic orbitals to produce a set of equivalent hybrid orbitals. (Section 9.5)
In 1H NMR spectroscopy, the area under a signal indicates the number of protons giving rise to the signal.
A substance that does not ionize in water and consequently gives a nonconducting solution. (Section 4.1)
The very small, very dense, positively charged portion of an atom; it is composed of protons and neutrons. (Section 2.2)
A carbohydrate containing four to ten monosaccharide units, each joined to the next by a glycosidic bond.
When electromagnetic radiation is viewed as a particle, an individual packet of energy.
A conformational change in which one chair conformation is converted into the other.
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