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Solutions for Chapter 17.4SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
Compounds that will react with either acids or bases. Amino acids are amphoteric.
Instability that arises when a planar ring of continuously overlapping p orbitals contains 4n p electrons.
antibonding molecular orbital.
A molecular orbital that is of higher energy and lower stability than the atomic orbitals from which it was formed. (10.6)
In a bicyclic system, the carbon atoms where the rings are fused together.
A three-dimensional shape that can be adopted by a compound as a result of rotation about single bonds.
A process during which a protein unfolds under conditions of mild heating.
An eliminationreaction in which the leaving group only leavesafter deprotonation occurs. This process occurs atthe end of an aldol condensation.
Light and other forms of radiant energy.
A higher energy state than the ground state. (Section 6.3)
Fourier-transform NMR (FT-NMR)
In nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, a technique in which the sample is irradiated with a short pulse that covers the entire range of relevant rf frequencies.
The equilibrium established between reactant and product substances that are all in the same phase. (Section 15.4)
A type of carbocation rearrangement in which a methyl group migrates.
In NMR spectroscopy, a technique in which only the one-bond couplings are observed. CH3 groups appear as quartets, CH2 groups appear as triplets, CH groups appear as doublets, and quaternary carbon atoms appear as singlets.
The extent to which atomic orbitals on different atoms share the same region of space. When the overlap between two orbitals is large, a strong bond may be formed. (Section 9.4)
Lipids that contain 20 carbon atoms and are characterized by a five-membered ring with two side chains.
radial probability function
The probability that the electron will be found at a certain distance from the nucleus. (Section 6.6)
Any chemical species that contains one or more unpaired electrons.
The process by which water molecules move under high pressure through a semipermeable membrane from the more concentrated to the less concentrated solution. (Section 18.4)
Isomers that have the same molecular formula and the same connectivity of their atoms but a different orientation of their atoms in space
In nomenclature, the groups connected to the parent chain.
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