- 17.13SE.1PE: Calculating the Effect of a Common Ion on SolubilityCalculate the m...
- 17.13SE.2PE: Practice Exercise 2Calculating the Effect of a Common Ion on Solubi...
Solutions for Chapter 17.13SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
acetoacetic ester synthesis
A threestep process that converts an alkyl halide into a methyl ketone with the introduction of three new carbon atoms.
A carbocation in which the positive charge is adjacent to a carbon-carbon double bond.
alpha (a) amino acid
A compound containing a carboxylic acid group (COOH) as well as an amino group (NH2), both of which are attached to the same carbon atom.
boundary surface diagram.
Diagram of the region containing a substantial amount of the electron density (about 90 percent) in an orbital. (7.7)
buffered solution (buffer)
A solution that undergoes a limited change in pH upon addition of a small amount of acid or base. (Section 17.2)
A system that enables the exchange of energy (usually in the form of heat) but not mass with its surroundings. (6.2)
Carbohydrates comprisedof two monosaccharide units joined via aglycosidic linkage between the anomeric carbonof one monosaccharide and a hydroxyl group ofthe other monosaccharide.
A mode of radioactive decay in which an inner-shell orbital electron is captured by the nucleus. (Section 21.1)
A quantity defined by the relationship H = E + PV; the enthalpy change, ?H, for a reaction that occurs at constant pressure is the heat evolved or absorbed in the reaction: ?H = qp. (Section 5.3)
A form of magnetism in which unpaired electron spins align parallel to one another. (Section 23.1)
A reaction in which an amino group is treated with excess methyl iodide, thereby converting it into an excellent leaving group, followed by treatment with a strong base to give an E2 reaction that yields an alkene.
metallic elements (metals)
Elements that are usually solids at room temperature, exhibit high electrical and heat conductivity, and appear lustrous. Most of the elements in the periodic table are metals. (Sections 2.5 and 12.1)
A solid whose dimensions range from 1 to 100 nm and whose properties differ from those of a bulk material with the same composition. (Section 12.1)
In a Lewis structure a pair of electrons assigned completely to one atom; also called a lone pair. (Section 9.2)
The common name for bicyclo[2.2.1]heptane.
The pressure exerted by a particular gas in a mixture. (Section 10.6)
The smallest increment of radiant energy that may be absorbed or emitted; the magnitude of radiant energy is hn. (Section 6.2)
representative (main-group) element
An element from within the s and p blocks of the periodic table (Figure 6.29). (Section 6.9)
Compounds containing silicon and oxygen, structurally based on SiO4 tetrahedra. (Section 22.10)
A selective reducing agent (NaBH3CN) that can be used for reductive amination.