- 19.6SE.1PE: Calculating Free-Energy Change from Calculate the standard tree-ene...
- 19.6SE.2PE: Calculating Free-Energy Change from Calculate the standard tree-ene...
Solutions for Chapter 19.6SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
A type of secondary structure in which a section of polypeptide chain coils into a spiral, most commonly a right-handed spiral.
A two-step process that achieves Markovnikov addition of an alcohol (H and OR) across an alkene. The product of this process is an ether.
A liquid mixture of constant composition with a boiling point that is different from that of any of its components.
Substance capable of conducting electric current. (21.3)
Orbitals that have the same energy.
dipole moment (m)
The amount of partial charge (d ) on either end of a dipole multiplied by the distance of separation (d): m=d × d
An unsaturated compound derived by the reaction of an aldehyde or ketone and a secondary amine followed by loss of H2O; R2C"CR!NR2
A property that depends on the amount of material considered; for example, mass or volume. (Section 1.3)
free induction decay
In NMR spectroscopy, a complex signal which is a combination of all of the electrical impulses generated by each type of proton.
An orbital formed by the combination of two or more atomic orbitals.
overall reaction order
The sum of the reaction orders of all the reactants appearing in the rate expression when the rate can be expressed as rate = k3A4a 3B4b... . (Section 14.3)
A method for converting an alkene to an alcohol. The alkene is treated with mercury(II) acetate followed by reduction with sodium borohydride.
The conjugate base of phenol or a substituted phenol.
Polyunsaturated fatty acid
A fatty acid with two or more carbon-carbon double bonds in its hydrocarbon chain
A nuclear decay process where a positron, a particle with the same mass as an electron but with a positive charge, symbol 0+1e, or b+ is emitted from the nucleus. (Section 21.1)
quaternary ammonium salt
An ionic compound containing a positively charged nitrogen atom connected to four alkyl groups.
A constant of proportionality between the reaction rate and the concentrations of reactants that appear in the rate law. (Section 14.3)
A special type of stereoselective reaction in which the stereochemistry of the product is dependent on the stereochemistry of the starting material.
The ability of groups, because of their size, to hinder access to a reaction site within a molecule.
A geometry adopted by an atom that has one lone pair and a steric number of 4.
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