- 20.7SE.1PE: Determining Half-Reactions at Electrodes and Calculating Cell Poten...
- 20.7SE.2PE: Determining Half-Reactions at Electrodes and Calculating Cell Poten...
Solutions for Chapter 20.7SE: Chemistry: The Central Science 13th Edition
Full solutions for Chemistry: The Central Science | 13th Edition
activation energy (Ea)
The minimum energy needed for reaction; the height of the energy barrier to formation of products. (Section 14.5)
The binding of molecules to a surface. (Section 14.7)
A solvent that cannot serve as a hydrogen-bond donor; nowhere in the molecule is there a hydrogen bonded to an atom of high electronegativity. Common aprotic solvents are dichloromethane, diethyl ether, and dimethyl sulfoxide
A reaction in which benzene is reduced to give 1,4-cyclohexadiene.
A polymerization that involves sequential addition reactions, either to unsaturated monomers or to monomers possessing other reactive functional groups.
A unit of measure fordipole moments, where 1 debye = 10-18 esu×cm.
Stereoisomers that are nonsuperposable mirror images of each other; refers to a relationship between pairs of objects
glass transition temperature (Tg)
The temperature at which noncrystalline polymers become very soft.
A catalyst that is in the same phase as the reactant substances. (Section 14.7)
The polarization of the electron density of a covalent bond caused by the electronegativity of a nearby atom.
Naturally occurring compoundsthat can be extracted from cells usingnonpolar organic solvents.
A model of enzyme action in which the substrate molecule is pictured as fitting rather specifically into the active site on the enzyme. It is assumed that in being bound to the active site, the substrate is somehow activated for reaction. (Section 14.7)
Low-resolution mass spectrometry
Instrumentation that is capable of separating only ions that differ in mass by 1 or more amu.
A CH group.
A solid, inorganic substance occurring in nature, such as calcium carbonate, which occurs as calcite. (Section 23.1)
The product obtained when a monosaccharide is treated with an amine in the presence of an acid catalyst.
The study of carbon-containing compounds, typically containing carbon–carbon bonds. (Section 2.9; Chapter 24:Introduction)
A polymer of amino acids that has a molecular weight of less than 10,000. (Section 24.7)
In NMR spectroscopy, a signal that is comprised of four peaks.
Strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by three bonds are forced from a staggered conformation to an eclipsed conformation. Torsional strain is also called eclipsed-interaction strain.
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