- Chapter 1:
- Chapter 10:
- Chapter 11:
- Chapter 12:
- Chapter 13:
- Chapter 14:
- Chapter 15:
- Chapter 16:
- Chapter 17:
- Chapter 18:
- Chapter 19:
- Chapter 2:
- Chapter 20:
- Chapter 21:
- Chapter 22:
- Chapter 23:
- Chapter 24:
- Chapter 25:
- Chapter 26:
- Chapter 27:
- Chapter 3:
- Chapter 4:
- Chapter 5:
- Chapter 6:
- Chapter 7:
- Chapter 8:
- Chapter 9:
Organic Chemistry 2nd Edition - Solutions by Chapter
Full solutions for Organic Chemistry | 2nd Edition
(n 1 1) rule
If a hydrogen has n hydrogens nonequivalent to it but equivalent among themselves on the same or adjacent atom(s), its 1 H!NMR signal is split into (n 1 1) peaks
alpha (a) helix
For proteins, a feature of secondary structure that forms when a portion of the protein twists into a spiral.
atomic mass unit (amu).
A mass exactly equal to 1 12th the mass of one carbon-12 atom. (3.1)
A cholesterol-derived detergent molecule, such as cholic acid, which is secreted by the gallbladder into the intestine to assist in the absorption of dietary lipids.
Bond dipole moment
A measure of the polarity of a covalent bond. The product of the charge on either atom of a polar bond times the distance between the atoms
A form of carbon produced when wood is heated strongly in a deficiency of air. (Section 22.9)
cholesteric liquid crystalline phase
A liquid crystal formed from flat, disc-shaped molecules that align through a stacking of the molecular discs. (Section 11.7)
degree of unsaturation
The absence of two hydrogen atoms associated with a ring or a p bond.
A molecule containing two amino acid units joined by a peptide bond
Lanthanide and actinide elements in which the 4f or 5f orbitals are partially occupied. (Section 6.9)
Spin-spin coupling that occurs between nonequivalent H atoms bonded to the same C atom. The H atoms are generally nonequivalent owing to restricted bond rotation in the molecule
High-density lipoprotein (HDL)
Plasma particles, density 1.06–1.21 g/mL, consisting of approximately 33% proteins, 30% cholesterol, 29% phospholipids, and 8% triglycerides.
A twostep process that achieves an anti-Markovnikov addition of a proton and a hydroxyl group (OH) across an alkene.
A six-membered cyclic form of a monosaccharide.
A detailed picture, or model, of how the reaction occurs; that is, the order in which bonds are broken and formed and the changes in relative positions of the atoms as the reaction proceeds. (Section 14.6)
A theory that many molecules and ions are best described as a hybrid of several Lewis structures
The reverse of an aldol reaction. A b-hydroxyketone or aldehyde is converted into two ketones or aldehydes.
The conversion of an aryl diazonium salt into fluorobenzene upon treatment with fluoroboric acid (HBF4).
A compound whose carbon skeleton can be divided into two or more units identical with the carbon skeleton of isoprene
A solution to a set of equations that defi nes the energy of an electron in an atom and the region of space it may occupy.
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