- 1.1.1: Why is the computer used by so many different people, in so many di...
- 1.1.2: List the five major hardware components of a computer system.
- 1.1.3: Internally, the CPU consists of what two units?
- 1.1.4: Describe the steps in the fetch/decode/execute cycle.
- 1.1.5: What is a memory address? What is its purpose?
- 1.1.6: Explain why computers have both main memory and secondary storage.
- 1.1.7: What are the two general categories of software?
- 1.1.8: What fundamental set of programs control the internal operations of...
- 1.1.9: What do you call a program that performs a specialized task, such a...
- 1.1.11: What is an algorithm?
- 1.1.12: Why were computer programming languages invented?
- 1.1.13: What is the difference between a high-level language and a low-leve...
- 1.1.14: What does portability mean?
- 1.1.15: Explain the operations carried out by the preprocessor, compiler, a...
- 1.1.16: Explain what is stored in a source file, an object file, and an exe...
- 1.1.17: What is an integrated development environment?
- 1.1.18: Describe the difference between a key word and a programmer-defined...
- 1.1.19: Describe the difference between operators and punctuation symbols.
- 1.1.21: Why are variables called variable?
- 1.1.22: What happens to a variables current contents when a new value is st...
- 1.1.23: What must take place in a program before a variable is used?
- 1.1.24: What are the three primary activities of a program?
- 1.1.25: What four items should you identify when defining what a program is...
- 1.1.26: What does it mean to visualize a program running? What is the value...
- 1.1.27: What is a hierarchy chart?
- 1.1.28: Describe the process of desk-checking.
- 1.1.29: Describe what a compiler does with a programs source code.
- 1.1.31: Is a syntax error (such as misspelling a key word) found by the com...
- 1.1.32: What is the purpose of testing a program with sample data or input?
- 1.1.33: Briefly describe the difference between procedural and object-orien...
- 1.1: Both main memory and secondary storage are types of memory. Describ...
- 1.2: What is the difference between system software and application soft...
- 1.3: What type of software controls the internal operations of the compu...
- 1.4: Why must programs written in a high-level language be translated in...
- 1.5: Why is it easier to write a program in a high-level language than i...
- 1.6: Explain the difference between an object file and an executable file.
- 1.7: What is the difference between a syntax error and a logical error?
- 1.8: Computers can do many different jobs because they can be __________.
- 1.9: The job of the __________ is to fetch instructions, carry out the o...
- 1.10: Internally, the CPU consists of the __________ and the __________.
- 1.11: A(n) __________ is an example of a secondary storage device.
- 1.12: The two general categories of software are __________ and __________.
- 1.13: A program is a set of __________.
- 1.14: Since computers cant be programmed in natural human language, algor...
- 1.15: __________ is the only language computers really process.
- 1.16: __________ languages are close to the level of humans in terms of r...
- 1.17: __________ languages are close to the level of the computer.
- 1.18: A programs ability to run on several different types of computer sy...
- 1.19: Words that have special meaning in a programming language are calle...
- 1.20: Words or names defined by the programmer are called __________.
- 1.21: __________ are characters or symbols that perform operations on one...
- 1.22: __________ characters or symbols mark the beginning or ending of pr...
- 1.23: The rules that must be followed when constructing a program are cal...
- 1.24: A(n) __________ is a named storage location.
- 1.25: A variable must be __________ before it can be used in a program.
- 1.26: The three primary activities of a program are __________, _________...
- 1.27: __________ is information a program gathers from the outside world.
- 1.28: __________ is information a program sends to the outside world.
- 1.29: A(n) __________ is a diagram that graphically illustrates the struc...
- 1.30: Available Credit The following steps should be followed in a progra...
- 1.31: Sales Tax Design a hierarchy chart or flowchart for a program that ...
- 1.32: Account Balance Design a hierarchy chart or flowchart for a program...
- 1.33: Questions 3335 are programs expressed as English statements. What w...
- 1.34: Questions 3335 are programs expressed as English statements. What w...
- 1.35: Questions 3335 are programs expressed as English statements. What w...
- 1.36: The following pseudocode algorithm has an error. The program is sup...
Solutions for Chapter 1: Introduction to Computers and Programming
Full solutions for Starting Out with C++ from Control Structures to Objects | 8th Edition
A slow motion of Earth’s axis that traces out a cone over a period of 26,000 years.
A stream consisting of numerous intertwining channels.
Located beneath the mantle, it is the innermost layer of Earth. The core is divided into an outer core and an inner core.
Mass per unit volume of a substance, usually expressed as grams per cubic centimeter
The condition that exists when the distribution of winds within a given area results in a net horizontal outflow of air from the region. In divergence at lower levels the resulting deficit is compensated for by a downward movement of air from aloft; hence, areas of divergent winds are unfavorable to cloud formation and precipitation.
Evolution (Theory of)
A fundamental theory in biology and paleontology that sets forth the process by which members of a population of organisms come to differ from their ancestors. Organisms evolve by means of mutations, natural selection, and genetic factors. Modern species are descended from related but different species that lived in earlier times.
A type of movement common to mass-wasting processes that refers to the free falling of detached individual pieces of any size.
The kinetic energy of random molecular motion.
Hot spot track
Chain of volcanic structures produced as a lithospheric plate moves over a mantle plume.
The nuclear reaction in which hydrogen nuclei are fused into helium nuclei.
A property of matter that resists a change in its motion.
Rocks formed by the alteration of preexisting rock deep within Earth (but still in the solid state) by heat, pressure, and/or chemically active fluids.
Polar (P) air mass
A cold air mass that forms in a high-latitude source region. Polar easterlies In the global pattern of prevailing winds, winds that blow from the polar high toward the subpolar low. These winds, however, should not be thought of as persistent winds, such as the trade winds.
Those pollutants emitted directly from identifiable sources.
A system of streams running in all directions away from a central elevated structure, such as a volcano.
The transfer of energy (heat) through space by electromagnetic waves.
The relative proportions of clay, silt, and sand in a soil. Texture strongly influences the soil’s ability to retain and transmit water and air.
The rate at which solar radiation is received outside Earth’s atmosphere on a surface perpendicular to the Sun’s rays when Earth is at an average distance from the Sun.
Isolated hill of sand that exhibits a complex form and develops where wind directions are variable.
A measure of the degree of hotness or coldness of a substance; a measure of the average kinetic energy of individual atoms or molecules in a substance.