- 4.1: What evidence is there that early human cultures observed astronomi...
- 4.2: Why did Plato propose that all heavenly motion was uniform and circ...
- 4.3: In Ptolemys model, how do the epicycles of Mercury and Venus differ...
- 4.4: Why did Copernicus have to keep small epicycles in his model?
- 4.5: When Tycho observed the new star of 1572, he could detect no parall...
- 4.6: Does Tychos model of the universe explain the phases of Venus that ...
- 4.7: How do the fi rst two of Keplers three laws overthrow one of the ba...
- 4.8: How did The Alfonsine Tables, The Prutenic Tables, and The Rudolphi...
- 4.9: Explain how each of Galileos telescopic discoveries contradicted th...
- 4.10: Galileo was condemned, but Kepler, also a Copernican, was not. Why ...
- 4.11: How Do We Know? What is a paradigm, and how it is related to a scie...
- 4.12: How Do We Know? How would you describe the difference between a hyp...
Solutions for Chapter 4: The Origin Of Modern Astronomy
Full solutions for Foundations of Astronomy | 11th Edition
An amphitheater-shaped basin at the head of a glaciated valley produced by frost wedging and plucking.
Layers of rock that were deposited without interruption.
A type of solid state flow that produces a change in the size and shape of a rock body without fracturing. Occurs at depths where temperatures and confining pressures are high.
Celestial bodies that orbit stars, massive enough to be spherical but have not cleared their neighboring regions of planetesimals.
Spherically shaped, negatively charged zones that surround the nucleus of an atom.
Inclination of the axis
The tilt of Earth’s axis from the perpendicular to the plane of Earth’s orbit.
The depletion of soluble materials from the upper soil by downward-percolating water.
A lunar rock formed when angular fragments and dust are welded together by the heat generated by the impact of a meteoroid.
The angle between the planes of Earth’s equator and orbit.
The systematic study of fossils and the history of life on Earth.
Polar (P) air mass
A cold air mass that forms in a high-latitude source region. Polar easterlies In the global pattern of prevailing winds, winds that blow from the polar high toward the subpolar low. These winds, however, should not be thought of as persistent winds, such as the trade winds.
A thin coating of ice on objects produced when supercooled fog droplets freeze on contact.
A rapidly moving ocean wave generated by earthquake activity capable of inflicting heavy damage in coastal regions.
Any one of numerous minerals that have the oxygen and silicon tetrahedron as their basic structure.
The study of spectra.
A low-angle reverse fault.
A small, very intense cyclonic storm with exceedingly high winds, most often produced along cold fronts in conjunction with severe thunderstorms.
Soils that form on unconsolidated deposits.
A relatively narrow body of stratified drift deposited on a valley floor by meltwater streams that issue from a valley glacier.
The disintegration and decomposition of rock at or near Earth’s surface.