- 15.1: What is horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing(fracking) and ...
- 15.2: What are the two key concepts for this section?What types of commer...
- 15.3: Define net energy and net energy ratio andexplain why they are impo...
- 15.4: What are the two key concepts for this section?What is crude oil (p...
- 15.5: What are proven oil reserves? Why has the globalnet energy for extr...
- 15.6: What is shale oil and how is this heavy oil produced?What are oil s...
- 15.7: What is the key concept for this section? Definenatural gas, liquef...
- 15.8: What are the two key concepts for this section?What is coal, how is...
- 15.9: What is the key concept for this section? What is nuclearfission? H...
- 15.10: What are this chapters three big ideas? Explain howwe can apply eac...
Solutions for Chapter 15: Nonrenewable Energy
Full solutions for Living in the Environment, Loose-Leaf Version | 19th Edition
Altitude (of the Sun)
The angle of the Sun above the horizon.
Andean-type plate margin
Plate boundaries that generate continental volcanic arcs.
Dunes forming scalloped rows of sand oriented at right angles to the wind. This form is intermediate between isolated barchans and extensive waves of transverse dunes.
Big bang theory
The theory that proposes that the universe originated as a single mass, which subsequently exploded.
The first layer of the solar atmosphere found directly above the photosphere.
Coriolis force (effect)
The deflective force of Earth’s rotation on all free-moving objects, including the atmosphere and oceans. Deflection is to the right in the Northern Hemisphere and to the left in the Southern Hemisphere.
A chemical bond produced by the sharing of electrons.
Daily temperature range
The difference between the maximum and minimum temperatures for a day.
Depressions that are the result of collisions with bodies such as asteroids and comets.
A span on the geologic time scale between the Paleozoic and Cenozoic eras from about 248 million to 65 million years ago.
A chemical bond present in all metals that may be characterized as an extreme type of electron sharing in which the electrons move freely from atom to atom.
The tabular arrangement of the elements according to atomic number.
The concentration of minor amounts of metals that are scattered through unweathered rock into economically valuable concentrations by weathering processes.
A vertical section through a soil showing its succession of horizons and the underlying parent material.
A seaward extension of a valley that was cut on the continental shelf during a time when sea level was lower, or a canyon carved into the outer continental shelf, slope, and rise by turbidity currents.
A coherent unit of Earth’s rigid outer layer that includes the crust and upper unit.
A measure of the degree of hotness or coldness of a substance; a measure of the average kinetic energy of individual atoms or molecules in a substance.
See Contact metamorphism.
The alternating horizontal movement of water associated with the rise and fall of the tide.
The concept that the processes that have shaped Earth in the geologic past are essentially the same as those operating today