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Solutions for Chapter `9.10: Applied Statistics and Probability for Engineers 6th Edition
Full solutions for Applied Statistics and Probability for Engineers  6th Edition
ISBN: 9781118539712
Solutions for Chapter `9.10
Get Full SolutionsApplied Statistics and Probability for Engineers was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9781118539712. Chapter `9.10 includes 4 full stepbystep solutions. This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Applied Statistics and Probability for Engineers , edition: 6. Since 4 problems in chapter `9.10 have been answered, more than 146043 students have viewed full stepbystep solutions from this chapter.

Arithmetic mean
The arithmetic mean of a set of numbers x1 , x2 ,…, xn is their sum divided by the number of observations, or ( / )1 1 n xi t n ? = . The arithmetic mean is usually denoted by x , and is often called the average

Attribute
A qualitative characteristic of an item or unit, usually arising in quality control. For example, classifying production units as defective or nondefective results in attributes data.

Binomial random variable
A discrete random variable that equals the number of successes in a ixed number of Bernoulli trials.

Chisquare (or chisquared) random variable
A continuous random variable that results from the sum of squares of independent standard normal random variables. It is a special case of a gamma random variable.

Coeficient of determination
See R 2 .

Conditional mean
The mean of the conditional probability distribution of a random variable.

Conditional probability mass function
The probability mass function of the conditional probability distribution of a discrete random variable.

Conidence interval
If it is possible to write a probability statement of the form PL U ( ) ? ? ? ? = ?1 where L and U are functions of only the sample data and ? is a parameter, then the interval between L and U is called a conidence interval (or a 100 1( )% ? ? conidence interval). The interpretation is that a statement that the parameter ? lies in this interval will be true 100 1( )% ? ? of the times that such a statement is made

Consistent estimator
An estimator that converges in probability to the true value of the estimated parameter as the sample size increases.

Contrast
A linear function of treatment means with coeficients that total zero. A contrast is a summary of treatment means that is of interest in an experiment.

Cumulative normal distribution function
The cumulative distribution of the standard normal distribution, often denoted as ?( ) x and tabulated in Appendix Table II.

Cumulative sum control chart (CUSUM)
A control chart in which the point plotted at time t is the sum of the measured deviations from target for all statistics up to time t

Deming’s 14 points.
A management philosophy promoted by W. Edwards Deming that emphasizes the importance of change and quality

Dependent variable
The response variable in regression or a designed experiment.

Design matrix
A matrix that provides the tests that are to be conducted in an experiment.

Discrete random variable
A random variable with a inite (or countably ininite) range.

Estimator (or point estimator)
A procedure for producing an estimate of a parameter of interest. An estimator is usually a function of only sample data values, and when these data values are available, it results in an estimate of the parameter of interest.

Ftest
Any test of signiicance involving the F distribution. The most common Ftests are (1) testing hypotheses about the variances or standard deviations of two independent normal distributions, (2) testing hypotheses about treatment means or variance components in the analysis of variance, and (3) testing signiicance of regression or tests on subsets of parameters in a regression model.

Fixed factor (or fixed effect).
In analysis of variance, a factor or effect is considered ixed if all the levels of interest for that factor are included in the experiment. Conclusions are then valid about this set of levels only, although when the factor is quantitative, it is customary to it a model to the data for interpolating between these levels.

Harmonic mean
The harmonic mean of a set of data values is the reciprocal of the arithmetic mean of the reciprocals of the data values; that is, h n x i n i = ? ? ? ? ? = ? ? 1 1 1 1 g .