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What are the distinguishing properties of acids and bases?

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 18Q Chapter 7

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 18Q

PROBLEM 18Q

What are the distinguishing properties of acids and bases?

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Solution 18Q

The distinguishing properties of acids and bases are as follows.

  1. Acid is a substance which  produces H+  or H3O+ ions ions in aqueous solution.

For example : HCl is an acid. This is because, HCl produces H+ ions in aqueous solution.

HCl (aq)  ----- > H+(aq) +Cl-(aq)

H+  (aq) can easily associate with water to form hydronium ions (H3O+).

HCl(aq) + H2O(l)----------> H3O+(aq) + Cl-(aq)

(2) Base is substance which produces OH- ions in aqueous solution.

 For example: KOH is a base, because it produces OH- ions in aqueous solution.

KOH(aq) ----->K+(aq) + OH-(aq)

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 7, Problem 18Q is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

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What are the distinguishing properties of acids and bases?