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Solutions for Chapter 7: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Solutions for Chapter 7

Solutions for Chapter 7
4 5 0 303 Reviews
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 111 problems in chapter 7 have been answered, more than 470443 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Chapter 7 includes 111 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • Aldehyde

    A compound containing a !CHO group

  • cell potential

    The potential difference between the cathode and anode in an electrochemical cell; it is measured in volts: 1 V = 1 J>C. Also called electromotive force. (Section 20.4)

  • changes of state

    Transformations of matter from one state to a different one, for example, from a gas to a liquid. (Section 1.3)

  • Crystalline domain

    An ordered crystalline region in the solid state of a polymer. Also called a crystallite.

  • electronic charge

    The negative charge carried by an electron; it has a magnitude of 1.602 * 10-19 C. (Section 2.3)

  • Enolate anion

    An anion derived by loss of a hydrogen from a carbon alpha to a carbonyl group; the anion of an enol.

  • Fatty acid

    A long, unbranched-chain carboxylic acid, most commonly of 12 to 20 carbons, derived from the hydrolysis of animal fats, vegetable oils, or the phospholipids of biological membranes.

  • geminal

    Two groups connected to the same carbon atom. For example, a geminal dihalide is a compound with two halogens connected to the same carbon atom.

  • Glycosidic bond

    The bond from the anomeric carbon of a glycoside to an !OR group

  • Hess’s law

    The heat evolved in a given process can be expressed as the sum of the heats of several processes that, when added, yield the process of interest. (Section 5.6)

  • homogeneous catalysts

    A catalyst that dissolves in the reaction medium.

  • Hydroxyl group

    An !OH group

  • Infrared active

    Any molecular vibration that leads to a substantial change in dipole moment and is observed in an IR spectrum.

  • Isotactic polymer

    A polymer with identical confi gurations (either all R or all S) at all chiral centers along its chain, as, for example, isotactic polypropylene

  • Micelle

    A spherical arrangement of organic molecules in water solution clustered so that their hydrophobic parts are buried inside the sphere and their hydrophilic parts are on the surface of the sphere and in contact with water

  • Polymer

    From the Greek, poly 1 meros, meaning many parts. Any long-chain molecule synthesized by linking together many single parts called monomers

  • rate equation

    An equation thatdescribes the relationship between the rate of a reactionand the concentration of reactants.

  • resolution

    The separation of enantiomers from a mixture containing both enantiomers.

  • Stereospecific reaction

    A special type of stereoselective reaction in which the stereochemistry of the product is dependent on the stereochemistry of the starting material.

  • Stork enamine synthesis

    A Michaelreaction in which an enamine functions as anucleophile.

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