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Solutions for Chapter 7: Introductory Chemistry 5th Edition

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Full solutions for Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

ISBN: 9780321910295

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Solutions for Chapter 7

Solutions for Chapter 7
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Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This expansive textbook survival guide covers the following chapters and their solutions. Since 111 problems in chapter 7 have been answered, more than 391971 students have viewed full step-by-step solutions from this chapter. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. Chapter 7 includes 111 full step-by-step solutions.

Key Chemistry Terms and definitions covered in this textbook
  • axis of symmetry

    An axis about which a compound possesses rotational symmetry.

  • band theory.

    Delocalized electrons move freely through “bands” formed by overlapping molecular orbitals. (21.3)

  • beta emission

    A nuclear decay process where a beta particle is emitted from the nucleus; also called beta decay. (Section 21.1)

  • chelate effect

    The generally larger formation constants for polydentate ligands as compared with the corresponding monodentate ligands. (Section 23.3)

  • complementary colors

    Colors that, when mixed in proper proportions, appear white or colorless. (Section 23.5)

  • Condensation polymerization

    A polymerization in which chain growth occurs in a stepwise manner between difunctional monomers. Also called step-growth polymerization.

  • copolymer

    A polymer that is constructed from more than one repeating unit.

  • crossed Claisen condensation

    A Claisen condensation reaction that occurs between different partners.

  • eicosanoids

    A class of lipids which includes leukotrienes, prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and prostacyclins.

  • glass

    An amorphous solid formed by fusion of SiO2, CaO, and Na2O. Other oxides may also be used to form glasses with differing characteristics. (Section 22.10)

  • high-resolution mass spectrometry

    A technique that involves the use of a detector that can measure the m/z values to four decimal places.This technique allows for the determination of the molecular formula of an unknown compound.

  • Lactam

    A cyclic amide.

  • limiting reactant (limiting reagent)

    The reactant present in the smallest stoichiometric quantity in a mixture of reactants; the amount of product that can form is limited by the complete consumption of the limiting reactant. (Section 3.7)

  • molality

    The concentration of a solution expressed as moles of solute per kilogram of solvent; abbreviated m. (Section 13.4)

  • N-glycoside

    The product obtained when a monosaccharide is treated with an amine in the presence of an acid catalyst.

  • Ostwald process

    An industrial process used to make nitric acid from ammonia. The NH3 is catalytically oxidized by O2 to form NO; NO in air is oxidized to NO2; HNO3 is formed in a disproportionation reaction when NO2 dissolves in water. (Section 22.7)

  • salinity

    A measure of the salt content of seawater, brine, or brackish water. It is equal to the mass in grams of dissolved salts present in 1 kg of seawater. (Section 18.3)

  • systematic name

    A name that is assigned using the rules of IUPAC nomenclature.

  • Torsional strain

    Strain that arises when nonbonded atoms separated by three bonds are forced from a staggered conformation to an eclipsed conformation. Torsional strain is also called eclipsed-interaction strain.

  • Zaitsev’s rule

    A rule stating that the major product of a b-elimination reaction is the most stable alkene; that is, it is the alkene with the greatest number of substituents on the carboncarbon double bond

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