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What solution can you add to each cation mixture to precipitate one cation while keeping

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 106P Chapter 7

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 106P

PROBLEM 105P

What solution can you add to each cation mixture to precipitate one cation while keeping the other cation in solution? Write a net ionic equation for the precipitation reaction that occurs.

(a) Fe2+(aq) and Pb2+(aq)

(b) K+(aq) and Ca2+(aq)

(c) Ag+(aq) and Ba2+(aq)

(d) Cu2+(aq) and Hg22+(aq)

Step-by-Step Solution:

Problem 106P

What solution can you add to each cation mixture to precipitate one cation while keeping the other cation in solution? Write a net ionic equation for the precipitation reaction that occurs.

(a) Fe2+(aq) and Pb2+(aq)

(b) K+(aq) and Ca2+(aq)

(c) Ag+(aq) and Ba2+(aq)

(d) Cu2+(aq) and Hg22+(aq)

                                                      Step by step solution

Step 1of 4

(a)

Solubility rules:

  • Sodium, potassium,Nitrate and ammonium salts are soluble in water
  • Except  and  chlorides are soluble in water.
  • Except  sulfates are soluble in water.
  • Hydroxides compounds are soluble in water.
  •  are moderately soluble in water.
  • Most of the sulfides, carbonates and phosphates are insoluble in water.
  • The given ions -  and .

    Add Sodium chloride to  and .

     will form precipitate.

    The net ionic reaction is as follows.

                                       

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    Step 2 of 4

    Chapter 7, Problem 106P is Solved
    Step 3 of 4

    Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
    Edition: 5
    Author: Nivaldo J Tro
    ISBN: 9780321910295

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