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Consider the reaction for the synthesis of nitric acid:3

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro ISBN: 9780321910295 34

Solution for problem 115P Chapter 11

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition | ISBN: 9780321910295 | Authors: Nivaldo J Tro

Introductory Chemistry | 5th Edition

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Problem 115P

PROBLEM 115P

Consider the reaction for the synthesis of nitric acid:

3 NO2(g) + H2O(l) → 2 HNO3(aq) + NO(g)

(a) If 12.8 L of NO2(g), measured at STP, is allowed to react with 14.9 g of water, find the limiting reagent and the theoretical yield of HNO3 in grams.

(b) If 14.8 g of HNO3 forms, what is the percent yield?

Step-by-Step Solution:
Step 1 of 3

Solution 115P

Given:

3NO2(g) + H2O(l)→2HNO3(aq)+NO(g)

Volume of NO2 = 12.8L

Mass of water = 14.9 g

Here we will have to calculate the limiting reagent and the theoretical yield of HNO3 in grams.

Explanation

 First we have to find the no of moles in 12.8 L of NO2.

  The molar volume of a gas at STP is 22.41 L/mol so you have

 12.8 L NO2 = 12.8/22.41 = 0.5712 mole

Now, number of mole of H2O is equal to = given mass / molecular mass

Thus for 14.9 g of H2O = 14.9/18.01 = 0.8273 mole

The mole...

Step 2 of 3

Chapter 11, Problem 115P is Solved
Step 3 of 3

Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Edition: 5
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
ISBN: 9780321910295

This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. This full solution covers the following key subjects: hno, Yield, react, Find, forms. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2045 solutions. Since the solution to 115P from 11 chapter was answered, more than 357 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. The full step-by-step solution to problem: 115P from chapter: 11 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. The answer to “Consider the reaction for the synthesis of nitric acid:3 NO2(g) + H2O(l) ? 2 HNO3(aq) + NO(g)(a) If 12.8 L of NO2(g), measured at STP, is allowed to react with 14.9 g of water, find the limiting reagent and the theoretical yield of HNO3 in grams.________________(b) If 14.8 g of HNO3 forms, what is the percent yield?” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 57 words. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295.

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