Two shipwreck survivors were rescued from a life raft. One had drunk seawater while the other had not. The one who had drunk the seawater was more severely dehydrated than the one who did not. Explain.
The Field of Public Policy Laswell Dates to mid 1950’s (Laswell) o Belief that a “science of public policy” could be developed to minimize the need for unproductive political debate Problem oriented Use the quantitative research methods Theoretical Value oriented Criticisms o Elitist (leaves little role for the citizens) o Scientific method may not translate well to the realm of politics The field of Public Policy Today Policy Process studies o Studies of the policy process, beginning from problem identification and end night with evaluation and feedback o Question: How is policy made o Empirical questions like what is and how to things work Policy Analysis o Emerged in the 1960’s and 1970’s (“Great Society”) o Efforts to analyze policies using data and statistical techniques. Much of the method derives from economics o Question: How can we make good policy o Normative, how should things be How should this work The Stages of the Policy Process - This is a basic representational model of the process, this helps people divide up workloads 1) Issue Emergence Learning about the existence of a problem or a condition Condition- state of affairs Problem- negative situation which government should address 2) Agenda Setting The list of policy problems that will be talked about Requires prioritization’s with the issues addressed Systemic/public agenda- what the people care about and what is going on in the media The Field of Public Policy Formal/institutional agenda- what bills are being considered or topics of congressional hearings, what issues are talked about in the institutions of government 3) Alternative Selection The different options available to handle situations/issues Various possible policy options 4) Enactment Choosing the alternatives and then formally turning the policies into law Formal process of making policies into law 5) Implementation How the policy will be put into law 6) Evaluation