Iodine-131 is often used in nuclear medicine to obtain images of the thyroid. If you start with 4.0 × 10101-131 atoms, how many are left after approximately 1 month? 1-131 has a half-life of 8.0 days.
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A half-life of 8 days means that every 8 days the half of the amount of I-131 decay...
So if you start with 4.0 × 10^10 atoms and you consider 32 days in a month (question says "approximately") your amount of atoms goes through 4 half-lives.
4.0 × 1010/2 =5.43*1011. atoms after 8 days=1 half-life .
5.43*1011/2 =1.62*1011 atoms after 16 days = 2 half-lives .
1.62*1011 /2 = 8.1*1011 atoms after 24 days = 3 half-lives.
8.1*1011 /2 =1.2*1011 atoms after 32 days = 4 half-lives .
You can even see that 1.2*1011 atoms of a radioactive material decaying in 1 second is an amount
know as1.2 GBq (gigabecquerel), or 100 mCi in not-SI units.
Such a high amount of I-131 is usually used to treat thyroid cancer
in Nuclear Medicine facilities.
Textbook: Introductory Chemistry
Author: Nivaldo J Tro
The full step-by-step solution to problem: 70P from chapter: 17 was answered by , our top Chemistry solution expert on 05/06/17, 06:45PM. Since the solution to 70P from 17 chapter was answered, more than 348 students have viewed the full step-by-step answer. This textbook survival guide was created for the textbook: Introductory Chemistry, edition: 5. This full solution covers the following key subjects: approximately, atoms, days, half, images. This expansive textbook survival guide covers 19 chapters, and 2046 solutions. Introductory Chemistry was written by and is associated to the ISBN: 9780321910295. The answer to “Iodine-131 is often used in nuclear medicine to obtain images of the thyroid. If you start with 4.0 × 10101-131 atoms, how many are left after approximately 1 month? 1-131 has a half-life of 8.0 days.” is broken down into a number of easy to follow steps, and 36 words.